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Earth Impact Database Sorted by : | Name | Diameter | Age |



Crater Name
Diameter (km)
Age (Ma)*
Target Rock**
Bolide Type***
N 48° 24'
E 60° 58'
0.9 ± 0.1
Chondrite (Iron?)



Ackerman, L., Zak, K., Jonasova, S., Durisova, J., Skala, R.; et al, Highly siderophile element geochemistry of impact-related glasses and target rocks form the Zhamanshin impact structure, Kazakhstan (abstract). 46th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, abstract no. 1963. 2015. 
Blumberg, D. G., McHone, J.F., Kuzmin, R. and Greeley,R., Radar imaging of impact craters by SIR-C/X-SAR (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XXVI, pp. 139-140. 1995.
Bouska, V., Povondra, P., Florenskii, P.V. and Randa,Z., Irghizites and zhamanshinites: Zhamanshin crater, USSR. Meteoritics, v. 16, pp. 171-184. 1981.
Boyko, Ya I., Gladkova, V. I., Dislocations of upper Cretaceous deposits in the Zhamanshin meteorite crater (West Kazakhstan) (in Russian). NASA translation, pp. 63-67. 1984.
Boyko, Ya I., Structure of small meteorite craters of Zhamanshin (Kazakhstan) (in Russian). Ivzestiya Akademii Nauk SSSR, Seriya Geologicheskaya, v. 10, pp. 122-126. 1983.
Burba, Jr,G.G., Astroblemes: Unique terrestrial exosystems (abstract). Meteoritics & Planetary Science, v. 32, Supplement, p. A24. 1997.
Burba, Jr,G.G., Ecosystem of the terrestrial meteorite craters: Zhamanshin (abstract). Meteoritics, v. 29, pp. 452-453. 1994.
Burba, Jr,G.G., Meshcherskaya, V. A., Landscape and geomorphic survey of Zhamanshin area, northern Kazakhstan: Preliminary report on 1992 field trip data (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XXIV, pp. 221-222. 1993.
Cockell, C. S., Lee, P., The Biology of Impact Craters - a review. Biol. Rev., 77, P. 279 - 310. 2002.
Dabizha, A. I., Florensky, P.V., Alyunina, O.I. and Alyunin,A.V., Geophysical investigations of Zhamanshin crater, USSR (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XI, pp. 192-194. 1980.
Dabizha, A. I., Ivanov, B. A., A geophysical model of the structure of meteorite craters and some problems of the mechanics of crater formation (in Russian). Meteoritika, v. 37, pp. 160-167. 1978.
Deino, A. L., Becker, T. A., Laser-fusion 40Ar/39Ar ages of acid Zhamanshinite (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XXI, pp. 271-272. 1990.
Dolgov, Yd A. (ed )., Urgent questions of meteoritics in Siberia (in Russian). Aktual'nyye voprosy meteoritiki v Sibiri, Novosibirsk, Nauka, 252 p. 1988.
Ehmann, W. D., Stroube, W.B., Jr., Ali, M.Z. and Hossain,T.I.M., Zhamanshin crater glasses: Chemical composition and comparison with tektites (abstract). Meteoritics, v. 12, pp. 212-215. 1977.
Fel'dman, V. I., Arbuzova, E. E., Some Petrochemical Features of Impact Melt Rocks in Zhamanshin Astrobleme, LPSC XXX, Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston, TX, Abstr. 1182 (CD-ROM). 1999.
Fel'dman, V. I., Rare-Earth elements in astrobleme impactites. Geochemistry International, v. 32, pp. 24-48. 1995.
Fel'dman, V. I., Sazonova, L. V., Conditions of impact melt formation and solidification in the Zhamanshin astrobleme. Petrology, v. 1, pp. 523-538. 1993.
Fel'dman, V. I., Sazonova, L. V., Conditions of impact melt formation and solidification in the Zhamanshin astrobleme. Petrology, v. 1, pp. 523-538. 1993.
Fel'dman, V. I., Sazonova, L.V. and Korotaeva,N.N., Crystallization temperature of melt impact rocks of Zhamanshin astrobleme (USSR) (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XXIII, pp. 349-350. 1992.
Florenskii, P. V., Dabizha, A.I., Aaloe, A.O., Gorshkov, E.S. and Miklyayev,V.I., Geological-geophysical characteristics of the Zhamanshin meteorite crater (in Russian). Meteoritika, v. 38, pp. 86-97. 1979.
Florenskii, P. V., Perelygin, V P., Bazhenov, M L., Lkhagvasuren, D D. and Stetsenko,S G., A complex determination of the age of the Zhamanshin meteorite crater (in Russian). Astronomicheskii Vestnik, v. 13, pp. 178-186. 1979.
Florenskii, P. V., Short, N., Winzer, S.R. and Frederiksson,K., The Zhamanshin structure: Geology and petrography (abstract). Meteoritics, v. 12, pp. 227-228. 1977.
Florenskii, P. V., The first find of tektites in the USSR (the Zhamanshin meteorite crater, Northern Aral Sea region) (in Russian). Meteoritika, v. 36, pp. 120-122. 1977.
Fredriksson, K., de Gasparis, A. and Ehmann,W.D., The Zhamanshin structure: Chemical and physical properties of selected samples (abstract). Meteoritics, v. 12, pp. 229-231. 1977.
Garvin, J. B., Grieve, R.A.F. and Schnetzler,C.C., Satellite remote sensing signatures of impact structures (abstract). Meteoritics, v. 30, pp. 509. 1995.
Garvin, J. B., Schnetzler, C. C., The Zhamanshin impact feature: A new class of complex crater? (abstract). International Conference on Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution, LPI Contribution No. 790, pp. 28-29. 1992.
Garvin, J. B., Schnetzler, C. C., The Zhamanshin impact feature: A new class of complex crater? Geological Society of America Special Paper 293, pp. 249-257. 1994.
Glass, B. P., Fredridsson, K. and Florensky,P.V., Microirghizites recovered from a sediment sample from the Zhamanshin impact structure. Proceedings of the Fourteenth Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Part I, Journal of Geophysical Research, B. 88, pp. B319-B330. 1983.
Glass, B. P., Zhamanshin crater, a possible source of Australasian tektites? Geology, v. 7, pp. 351-353. 1979.
Glazovskaya, L. I., Golubkov, V. V., Specific Microtextures of Tektites and Impact Glass from the Zhamanshin Astrobleme: Implications for Tektite Genesis, Petrology, Vol. 5, No. 2, pg. 197. 1997.
Grieve, R. A. F., The record of impact on Earth: Implications for a major Cretaceous/Tertiary impact event. Geological Society of America, Special Paper 190, pp. 25-37. 1982.
Gurov, E. P., Gurova, E. P., Impact structures on the Earth's surface (in Russian). Geologicheskii Zhurnal, v. 47, pp. 117-124. 1987.
Hörz, F., Ejecta of the Ries crater, Germany. The Geological Society of America Special Paper 190, pp. 39-55. 1982.
Hörz, F., Ostertag, R and Rainey,D A., Bunte breccia of the Ries: Continuous deposits of large impact craters. Reviews of Geophysics and Space Physics, v. 21, pp. 1667-1725. 1983.
Izokh, E. P., Age of the Australasian tektite strewn field (abstract). Meteoritics, v. 28, pp. 371-372. 1993.
Izokh, E. P., Kashkarov, L. and Korotkova,N., Age and chemical composition of the Zhamanshin crater impactites and tektites and comparison with Australasian tektites. Novosibirsk, Russian Acadamy of Sciences, Siberian Branch, United Institute of Geology, Geophysics and Mineralogy. 1993.
Izokh, E. P., Kashkarov, L.L. and Korotkova,N.N., Ages of Zhamanshin crater impactites and projectile tektites (abstract). Meteoritics, v. 28, pp. 372. 1993.
Izokh, E. P., Relationship between Austral-Asian tektite strewn-field and Zhamanshin crater: Clue to the origin of tektites (abstract). Meteoritics, v. 24, p. 280. 1989.
Izokh, E. P., The Paradox of Age: Tektites and tektite showers (in Russian). Meteoritika, v. 44, pp. 127-134. 1985.
Izokh, E. P., Zhamanshin impact crater and tektite problem. Soviet Geology and Geophysics, v. 32, pp. 1-10. 1991.
Izokh, E. P., Zhamanshin impact crater and the tektite puzzle (abstract). Meteoritics, v. 26, pp. 350. 1991.
Kapustkina, I. G., Some pecularities of the irgizites construction and composition (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XXII, pp. 679-680. 1991.
Kashkarov, L. L., Genaeva, L.I. and Izokh,E.P., Fission track dating of glasses from Zhamanshin astrobleme. Second International Conference on Natural Glasses, Prague, 1987, pp. 199-202. 1987.
Kashkarov, L. L., Genaeva, L.I., Kashkarova, V.G. and Izokh,E.P., Track and thermoluminescence dating of the impact glasses from meteoritic crater Zhamanshine (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XIX, pp. 587-588. 1988.
Kashkarov, L. L., Kashkarova, V.G., Izokh, E.P. and Vernadsky,V.I., Thermoluminescence dating of glasses from Zhamanshine crater (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XXI, pp. 607-608. 1990.
Kiryukhin, L. G., Florenskii, P.V. and Sobolen,J.S., The riddle of Zhamanshin (in Russian). Priroda, v. 4, pp. 70-72. 1969.
Khazanovitch-Wullf, K. K., Mikheeva, A. V., Kuznetsov, V. F., Structural elements of some astroblemes indicating the directions of cosmic body trajectories. NCGT Journal, vol. 1, pp. 11-19. 2015. 
Koeberl, C., Badyukov, D.D. and Nazarov,M.A., Blue Glass from Zhamanshin impact crater (USSR) (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XVII, pp. 430-431. 1986.
Koeberl, C., Fredriksson, K., Impact glasses from Zhamanshin crater (U.S.S.R.): Chemical composition and discussion of origin. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 78, pp. 80-88. 1986.
Koeberl, C., Glass, B. P., Chemical varitations in blue zhamanshinites (Zhamanshin Crater, USSR) (abstract). Meteoritics, v. 22, pp. 429. 1987.
Koeberl, C., Kluger, F. and Kiesl,W., Zhamanshin and Aouelloul Impact Glasses: Major element chemistry, correlation analyses, and parent material. Chemie der Erde, v. 44, pp. 47-65. 1985.
Koeberl, C., Storzer, D., Chemical composition and fission track age of Zhamanshin crater glass. Second International Conference on Natural Glasses, Prague, 1987, pp.207-213. 1987.
Koeberl, C., Zhamanshinites and Aouelloul-glass: Main element analyses and correlations (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XIV, pp. 383-384. 1983.
Kolesnikov, E. M., Smolyar, M.I., Lebedeva, L.M., Shykolyukov, Yu.A. and Izokh,E.P., Isotopic K/Ar Dating of glasses from Zhamanshin astroblem. Second International Conference on Natural Glasses, Prague, 1987, pp. 203-205. 1987.
Komarov, A. N., Masaitis, V. L., Age and composition of the Zhamanshin crater impact glasses. Geochemistry International, v. 33, pp. 110-114. 1996.
Korotayeva, M. M., Sazonova, L. V., Relationship of porosity and impact melt rocks composition (Zhamanshin astrobleme, USSR) (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XXI, pp. 655-656. 1990.
Masaitis, V. L., Astroblemes in the USSR. International Geology Review, v. 18, pp. 1249-1258. 1975.
Masaitis, V. L., Boiko, Ya.I. and Izokh,E.P., Zhamanshin impact crater (western Kazakhstan): Additional geological data (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XV, pp. 515-516. 1984.
Masaitis, V. L., Danilin, A.N., Maschak, M.S., Raykhlin, A.I., Selivanovskaya, T.V. and Shadenkov,Ye.M., The Geology of Astroblemes (in Russian). Leningrad, Nedra, 231 p. 1980.
Masaitis, V. L., Elements of bilateral symmetry of the Zhamanshin impact crater (abstract). Meteoritics, v. 25, p. 146. 1990.
Masaitis, V. L., Elements of bilateral symmetry of the Zhamanshin impact crater (in Russian). Meteoritika, v. 46, pp. 119-123. 1987.
Masaitis, V. L., Impact Crater Zhamanshin - Guide of geological excursion. A.P. Karprisky All-Union Geological Research Institute (VSEGEI) West - Kazakhstan Production Geological Association ("Zapkazgeologiya"), pp. 19-28. 1991.
Masaitis, V. L., Ivanov, M.A., Ezersky, V.A., Kozlov,V.S.and Reshetnyak., The west Siberian dispersion area of tektite-like glasses (in Russian). Dolkady Akademii Nauk SSSR, v. 304, pp. 1419-1423. 1989.
Masaitis, V. L., Selivanovskaya, T. V., Petrochemical types of impact melts of the Zhamanshin crater and their reconstructable original substrates (in Russian). Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo obshchestva, v. 1, pp. 52-59. 1987.
Masaitis, V. L., Shergina, J.P., Shkarbatova, G.S. and Karpinsky,A.P., Isotopic composition of Sr in target rocks and impact glasses from Zhamanshin crater (abstract). Meteoritics, v. 29, p. 497. 1994.
Masaitis, V. L., Some old meteoritic craters on the territory of the USSR (in Russian). Meteoritika, v. 33, pp. 64-68. 1974.
Matthies, D., Sauerer, A. and Koeberl,C., Volatile element geochemistry of target rocks and impact glasses at the Zhamanshin crater (USSR) and other impact craters (abstract). Meteoritics, v. 24, p. 300. l. 1989.
McHone J F., Dietz, R. S., Earth's multiple impact craters and astroblemes (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science, v. XXIII, pp. 887-888. 1992.
McHone, J. F., Blumberg, D.G., Greeley, R. and Underwood, J.R.,Jr., Space shuttle radar images of terrestrial impact structures: SIR-C/X-SAR (abstract). Meteoritics, v. 30, pp. 543. 1995.
McHone, J.F., Greeley, R., Williams, K.K., Blumberg, D.G. and Kuzmin, R.O., Space shuttle observations of terrestrial impact structures using SIR-C and X-SAR radars, Meteoritics & Planetary Science, v.37, no.3, pp.407-420. 2002.
O'Keefe, J. A., Zhamanshin and Aouelloul: Craters produced by impact of tektite-like glasses? Meteoritics, v. 22, pp. 219-228. 1987.
Palme, H., Grieve, R.A.F. and Wolf,R., Identification of the projectile at Brent crater, and further considerations of projectile types at terrestrial craters. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 45, pp. 2417-2424. 1981.
Palme, H., Wolf, R. and Grieve,R.A.F., New data on meteoritic material at terrestrial impact craters (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science IX, pp. 856-858. 1978.
Philpotts, J. A., Winzer, S.R., Schuhmann, S. and Lum,R.K.L., The Zhamanshin structure: Lithophile trace element abundances and strontium isotope systematics (abstract). Meteoritics, v. 12, p. 338. 1977.
Pronin, V. G., Mironov, Yu. V. and Babanova,A.M., New data on Zhamanshin crater (northern Aral region) (abstract). XX All-Union Meteorite Conference, pp. 51-52. 1987.
Raikhlin, A. I., Impact glasses from certain astroblemes in the USSR (in Russian). Meteoritika, v. 41, pp. 130-133. 1982.
Raisbeck, G. M., Yiou, F., Zhou, S.Z. and Koeberl,C., 10Be in irghizite tektites and Zhamanshinite impact glasses (abstract). Chemical Geology, v. 70, p. 120. 1988.
Sazonova, L. V., Korotaeva, N. N. and Simakin,A.G., Zhamanshin astrobleme glasses: Traces of initial melt non-homogeneity and definition of formation parameters (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XXII, pp. 1177-1178. 1991.
Sazonova, L. V., Korotaeva, N. N., Metastable liquid immiscibility in Zhamanshin astrobleme glasses as a result of sharp supercooling of impact melts (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XXII, pp. 1173-1174. 1991.
Sazonova, L. V., Korotaeva, N. N., Zhamanshin astrobleme glasses: The discovery of stable liquid immiscibility and miniral unusual for magmatic rocks (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XXII, pp. 1175-1176. 1991.
Schulz, T., Sackl, F., Koelberl, C., Anonymous, Geochemical and Sr, Md, and Os isotopic signatures of target rocks and impactites from the Zhamanshin Crater, Kazakhstan (abstract). Geological Society of America, vol. 47, pp. 282. 2015.
Storzer, D., Koeberl, C., Fission track evidence for multiple source components of Zhamanshin impactites, and new fission track ages (abstract). Meteoritics, v. 24, pp. 328-329. 1989.
Storzer, D., Wagner, G. A., Fission track dating of El'gygytgyn, Popigai and Zhamanshin impact craters: No sources for Australasian or North-American tektites (abstract). Meteoritics, v. 14, pp. 541-542. 1979.
Taylor, S. R., McLennan, S. M., Chemical relationships among irghizites, zhamanshinites, Australasian tektites and Henbury impact glasses. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 43, pp. 1551-1565. 1979.
Zbik, M., Jasieniak, M. and Smart,R.St.C., Organosilane occurrence in irghizite samples from the Zhamanshin impact crater, Kazakhstan, Meteoritics & Planetary Science Vol. 35, No. 5, pp 943-949. 2000.
Zolensky, M. E., Koeberl, C., Why are blue zhamanshites blue? Liquid immiscibility in an impact melt. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 55, pp. 1483-1486. 1991.


* pre-1977 K-Ar, Ar-Ar and Rb-Sr ages recalculated using the decay constants of Steiger and Jager (1977) Ages in millions of years (Ma) before present.

** Abbreviations: C - Crystalline Target; C-Ms - Metasedimentary Target; M - Mixed Target (i.e.sedimentary strata overlying crystalline basement); S - sedimentary target (i.e. no crystalline rocks affected by the impact event). From Osinski. G. R., Spray J. G., and Grieve R. A. F. 2007. Impact melting in sedimentary target rocks: A synthesis. In The Sedimentary Record of Meteorite Impacts, Geological Society of America Special Paper. Editors: Evans K. Horton W., King D., Morrow J., and Warme J. Geological Society of America: Boulder, in press.

From Koeberl,C. Identification of meteoritic components in impactites. 1998, Koeberl, C. The Geochemistry and Cosmochemistry of Impacts. 2007 and PASSC Files. (IAB, IIIAB, IIIB, IIID - Iron Meteorite)



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