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Earth Impact Database Sorted by : | Age | Diameter | Name |

 

Steinheim

Crater Name
Location
Latitude
Longitude
Diameter (km)
Age (Ma)*
Exposed
Drilled
Target Rock**
Bolide Type***
Steinheim
Germany
N 48° 41'
E 10° 4'
3.8
15 ± 1
Y
Y
S
-

 

High resolution digital elevation model (derived from the SRTM-mission in 2000; Image courtesy of M. Gottwald, DLR: German Aerospace Center)

View from S-rim near Sontheim, towards central uplift (a little left from the centre of the picture).
Village of Sontheim seen in the foreground. Photo Oct. 2000. Submitted by Harald Stehlik

Aerial Photograph by A. Brugger

Digital Elevation model, courtesy Peter Seidel

Photograph of central uplift, courtesy Peter Seidel

Digital Elevation model, courtesy Peter Seidel

References
Adam, K. D., Das Steinheimer Becken (in German). Meteorkrater Steinheimer Becken, Heimat-und Alterwmsverein, pp. 5-18. 1976.
Adam, K. D., The investigation of the Steinheim basin - a historical review. In: Reiff, W., ed., Guidebook to the Steinheim Basin Impact Crater, Geologisches Landesamt Baden-Wurttemberg, pp. 31-32. 1979.
Buchner, E. & Schmieder, M., Steinheim suevite—A first report of melt-bearing impactites from the Steinheim Basin (SW Germany), Meteoritics & Planetary Science, v. 45, n. 7, pp. 1093–1107.
Cockell, C. S., Lee, P., The Biology of Impact Craters - a review. Biol. Rev., 77, P. 279 - 310. 2002.
Dabizha, A. I., Fedynsky, V. V., Features of the gravitational field of astroblemes (in Russian). Meteoritika, v. 36, pp. 113-120. 1977.
Engelhardt, W. v., Bertsch, W., Stoffler, D., Groschopf, P. and Reiff,W., Evidence for the meteoritic origin of the Steinheim basin (in German). Naturwissenschaften, v. 54, pp. 198-199. 1967.
Ernstson, K., A gravity-derived model for the Steinheim impact crater. Geologischen Rundschau, v. 73, pp. 483-498. 1984.
Ernstson, v. K., Ergeblnisse neuer Magnetfeld-Messungen im Gebiet der Impakt-Struktur Steinheimer Becken (in German). Jber. Mitt. oberrheim. geol. Ber., v. 66, pp. 153-160. 1984.
Grieve, R. A. F., The record of impact on Earth: Implications for a major Cretaceous/Tertiary impact event. Geological Society of America, Special Paper 190, pp. 25-37. 1982.
Groschopf, P., Reiff, W., Das Steinheimer Becken als meteorkrater (in German). Meteorkrater Steinheimer Becken, Heimat-und Altertumsverein, pp. 19-28. 1976.
Groschopf, P., Reiff, W., It was a meteor impact: Results of drilling in the Steinheim basin (in German). Kosmos, v. 67, pp. 520-525. 1971.
Groschopf, P., Reiff, W., The geological trail in the Steinheim basin. In: Reiff, W., ed., Guidebook to the Steinheim Basin Impact Crater, Geologisches Landesamt Baden-Wurttemberg, pp. 19-23. 1979.
Groschopf, P., Reiff, W., The Steinheim Basin - A comparison with the Ries (in German). Geologica Bavarica, v. 61, pp. 400-412. 1969.
Groschopf, V. P., Reiff, W., Recent results of examinations in the Steinheim basin (in German). Jh. Ver. vaterl. Naturkde. Wurttemberg, v. 121, pp. 155-168. 1966.
Gurov, E. P., Gorova, E.P. and Rakitskaya,R.B., On the orientation of planar feature sets in quartz from rocks of explosion meteorite craters (in Russian). Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo mineralogicheskogo obshchestva, v. 108, pp. 578-584. 1979.
Gurov, E. P., Gurova, E. P., Impact structures on the Earth's surface (in Russian). Geologicheskii Zhurnal, v. 47, pp. 117-124. 1987.
Heizmann, E. P. J., Die palaeontologische Erforschung des Steinheimer Beckens (in German). Meteorkrater Steinheimer Becken, Heimat-und Alterumsverein, pp. 29-45. 1976.
Heizmann, E. P. J., The tertiary fossil locality of the Steinheim basin. In: Reiff, W., ed., Guidebook to the Steinheim Basin Impact Crater, Geologisches Landesamt Baden-Wurttemberg, pp. 24-30. 1979.
Ivanov, B. A., Basilevsky, A. T., Meteorite craters (in Russian). Priroda, v. 10, pp. 23-35. 1985.
Khryanina, L. P., The structure of meteorite craters and their central uplifts (in Russian). Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR, v. 238, pp. 195-198. 1978.
Masaitis, V. L., Danilin, A.N., Maschak, M.S., Raykhlin, A.I., Selivanovskaya, T.V. and Shadenkov,Ye.M., The Geology of Astroblemes (in Russian). Leningrad, Nedra, 231 p. 1980.
Masaitis, V. L., Some old meteoritic craters on the territory of the USSR (in Russian). Meteoritika, v. 33, pp. 64-68. 1974.
McHone J F., Dietz, R. S., Earth's multiple impact craters and astroblemes (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science, v. XXIII, pp. 887-888. 1992.
Melosh, H. J., Stansberry, J., Doublet craters and the tidal disruption of binary asteroids (abstract). Meteoritics, v. 26, pp. 371-372. 1991.
Muller, S., Ansorge, J., Emter, D. and Greiner,G., Geomagnetic measurements in the Steinheim Basin region (in German). Oberheinische Geologische Abhandluugen, v. 18, pp. 33-46. 1969.
Reiff, V. W., Einschlagkrater kosmischer Korper auf der Schwabischen und Frankischen Alb (in German). Der Aufschluss, v. 25, pp. 369-380. 1974.
Reiff, W., Groschopf, P., Geology of the Steinheim basin impact crater. In: Reiff, W., ed., Guidebook to the Steinheim Basin Impact Crater, Geologisches Landesamt Baden-Wurttemberg, pp. 9-18. 1979.
Reiff, W., The Steinheim Basin-an impact structure. In: Roddy, D.J., Pepin, R.O. and Merrill, R.B., eds., Impact and Explosion Cratering, Pergamon Press, New York, pp. 309-320. 1977.
Roddy, D. J., Tabular comparisons of the Flynn Creek impact crater, United States, Steinheim impact crater, Germany, and Snowball explosion crater, Canada. Roddy, D.J., Pepin, R.A. and Merrill, R.B., eds., Impact and Explosion Cratering, Pergamon Press, New York, pp. 125-161. 1977.
Rutte, E., Alemonit - der Suevit-aquivalente impact-gesteinstyp der Sudlichen Frankenalb (in German). Die Naturwissenschaften, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, v. 59, p. 214. 1972.
Seeger, C. R., Magnetic investigation of Steinheim Basin, W. Germany (abstract). EOS, v. 53, p. 427. 1972.
Skála, R., Jakes, P., Effects of impact metamorophism in limestones of the Steinheim crater - the x-ray diffraction study (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XXVIII, pp. 1331-1332. 1997.
Skala, R., Jakes, P., Effects of Impact Metamorphism in Limestones of the Steinhiem Crater, the X-Ray Diffraction Study, LPSC XXVIII, Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston, TX, Part 3, pp 1331-2 (CD-ROM). 1997.
Skála, R., Jakes, P., Shock-induced effects in Malmian limestsones from the Steinheim crater revealed by x-ray powder diffraction study (abstract). Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution,. 1997.
Skala, R., Rohovec, J., Magic-angle-spinning nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy of shocked limestones from the Steinheim crater, Meteoritics & Planetary Science, Vol. 33, No. 4, pp. A146 - A147, Supplement. 1998.
Skala, R., Rohovec, J., Magic-angle-spinning nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy of shocked limestones from the Steinheim crater. Meteoritics and Planetary Science, v 33, n 4, p A146-147. 1998.
Storzer, D., Gentner, W. and Steinbrunn,F., Stopfenheim kuppel, Ries kessel and Steinheim basin: A triplet cratering event. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 13, pp. 76-78. 1971.
Zimmermann, R. A., Formation of shatter cones in the Steimheim basin. pp. 19-25. 1970.

 

* pre-1977 K-Ar, Ar-Ar and Rb-Sr ages recalculated using the decay constants of Steiger and Jager (1977) Ages in millions of years (Ma) before present.

** Abbreviations: C - Crystalline Target; C-Ms - Metasedimentary Target; M - Mixed Target (i.e.sedimentary strata overlying crystalline basement); S - sedimentary target (i.e. no crystalline rocks affected by the impact event). From Osinski. G. R., Spray J. G., and Grieve R. A. F. 2007. Impact melting in sedimentary target rocks: A synthesis. In The Sedimentary Record of Meteorite Impacts, Geological Society of America Special Paper. Editors: Evans K. Horton W., King D., Morrow J., and Warme J. Geological Society of America: Boulder, in press.

***
From Koeberl,C. Identification of meteoritic components in impactites. 1998, Koeberl, C. The Geochemistry and Cosmochemistry of Impacts. 2007 and PASSC Files. (IAB, IIIAB, IIIB, IIID - Iron Meteorite)

 

 

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