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Earth Impact Database Sorted by : | Age | Diameter | Name |

 

Siljan

Crater Name
Location
Latitude
Longitude
Diameter (km)
Age (Ma)*
Exposed
Drilled
Target Rock**
Bolide Type***
Siljan
Sweden
N 61° 2'
E 14° 52'
52
376.8 ± 1.7
Y
Y
M
-

 

Ground view from Gesundaberget towards north.
Picture take 06/2003 by Harald Stehlik

Landsat

References
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Aberg, G., Bollmark, B., Rb-Sr dating of a postorogenic Svecokarelian composite dike within the Siljan ring structure, central Sweden., Geologiska Foreningens i Stockholm Forhandlingar, v. 105, pp. 75-77, 1983
Aberg, G., Bollmark, B., Retention of U and Pb in zircons from shocked granite in the Siljan impact structure, Sweden. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 74, pp. 347-349. 1985.
Aberg, G., Collini, B., Schmitz, B. , K-Ar isotope analyses from the Siljan Ring meteorite impact structure, Sweden, Geologiska Foreningens i Stockholm Forhandlingar, v. 111, pp. 355-360, 1989
Aldahan, A. A., Ericsson, T. and Collini,B., Mossbauer spectroscopic data of granitic rocks from Gravberg-1 Well, Siljan Ring structure, central Sweden. In: Boden, A. and Eriksson, K.G., eds., Deep Drilling in Crystalline Bedrock, v. 1, Springer-Verlag, New York, pp. 217-223. 1988.
Aldahan, A. A., Norell, B., Collini., Geological results of the deep drilling in the Siljan impact sturcture, central Sweden (abstract). Impact Cratering and Evolution of the Planet Earth, First International Workshop, First International Workshop, Nordlingen, Germany. 1993.
Aldahan, A. A., Ramseyer, K., Morad, S. and Collini,B., Low temperature alterations in granitic rocks from the Siljan Ring structure, central Sweden. In: Boden, A. and Eriksson, K.G., eds., Deep Drilling in Crystalline Bedrock, v. 1, Springer-Verlag, New York, pp. 209-216. 1988.
Aldahan, A.A., Alteration and mass transfer in cataclasites and mylonites in 6.6 km of granitic crust at the Siljan impact structure, central Sweden, Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, v. 105, pp. 662-676, 1990
Aldhous, P., Black gold causes a stir. Nature, v. 353, p. 593. 1991.
Berg, G., Bollmark, B., Retention of U and Pb in zircons from shocked granite in the Siljan impact structure, Sweden, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 74, pp. 347-349, 1985
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Dahl-Jensen, T., et al., Deep reflection seismics in the Precambrian of Sweden., Geophysical Journal - Royal Astronomical Society, v. 89, pp. 371-378, 1987
Deep gas project - the Siljan ring. Vattenfall - Swedish State Power Board, pp. 9-27. 1986.
Dietz, R. S., Siljan Ring, Sweden (abstract). Meteoritics, v. 5, p. 192. 1970.
Dyrelius, D., Geophysical studies of the Siljan impact structure (abstract). Second International Conference. Imapct Cratering and Evolution of Planet Earth. The Identification and Characterization of Imapcts. 1994.
Dyrelius, D., The gravity field of the Siljan ring structure. In: Boden, A. and Eriksson, K.G., eds., Deep Drilling in Crystalline Bedrock, v. 1, Springer-Verlag, New York, pp. 85-94. 1988.
Elming, S-A., Bylund, G., Palaeomagnetism and the Siljan impact structure, central Sweden. Geophysical Journal International, v. 105, pp. 757-770. 1991.
Elming, S-A., Bylund, G., Paleomagnetism and the Siljan impact structure, central Sweden (abstract). In: Pesonen, L.J. and Niemisara, H., eds., Symposium Fennoscandian Impact Structures, p. 25. 1990.
Eriksson, L., Geophysical investigations in the Siljan area. Sveriges Geologiska Undersokning, pp. 25-32. 1983.
Gee, D. G., Siljan - Geoscience and gas (abstract0. Geologiska Foreningens i Stockholm Forhandlingar, v. 114, pp. 155-156. 1992.
Geold, T., The deep earth gas theory with respect to the results from the Gravberg-1 well. A. Bodén and K.G. Eriksson, eds., Deep Drilling in Crystalline Bedrock, v. 1, Berlin, Springer-Verlag, p. 18-27. 1988.
Grau, J. A., Ellis, D.V., Herron, M.M., Schweitzer, J.S. and Rissler-Akesson,G., Geochemical logging in the Siljan Ring. In: Boden, A. and Eriksson, K.G., eds., Deep Drilling in Crystalline Bedrock, v. 1, Springer-Verlag, New York, pp. 230-252. 1988.
Grieve, R. A. F., Constraints on the nature of Siljan as an impact structure. Department of Energy, Mines and Resources, Internal Report 84-15. 1984.
Grieve, R. A. F., Masaitis, V. L., The economic potential of terrestrial impact craters. International Geology Review, v. 36, pp. 105-151. 1994.
Grieve, R. A. F., The formation of large impact structures and constraints on the nature of Siljan. In: Boden, A. and Eriksson, K.G., eds., Deep Drilling in Crystalline Bedrock, v. 1, Springer-Verlag, New York, pp. 328-348. 1988.
Gurov, E. P., Gurova, E. P., Impact structures on the Earth's surface (in Russian). Geologicheskii Zhurnal, v. 47, pp. 117-124. 1987.
Gustafson, G., Capture of deep earth gas in water-filled fractures. In: Boden, A. and Eriksson, K.G., eds., Deep Drilling in Crystalline Bedrock, v. 1, Springer-Verlag, New York, pp. 253-258. 1988.
Henkel, H., Geophysical aspects of meteorite impact craters in eroded shield environment, with special emphasis on electric resistivity, Tectonophysics, v. 216, pp. 63-89, 1992
Henkel, H., Pesonen, L. J., Impact craters and craterform structures in Fennoscandia. Tectonophysics, v. 216, pp. 31-40. 1992.
Hilton, D.R., Craig, H., The Siljan Deep Well: Helium isotope results, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 53, pp. 3311-3316, 1989
Hode, T., Von Dalwigk, I., Broman, C., A hydrothermal system associated with the Siljan impact structure, Sweden - Implications for the search for fossil life on mars, Astrobiology, v. 3, pp. 271-289, 2003
Högström, A.E.S., et al., Concentric impact structures in the Palaeozoic of Sweden - the Lockne and Siljan craters, GFF, v. 132, pp. 65-70, 2010
Huttner, R., Bunte rubble masses and suevite (in Swedish). Geologica Bavarica, pp. 142-200. 1969.
Jeffrey, A. W. A., Kaplan, I.R. and Castano,J.R., Analysis of gases in the Gravberg-1 well. In: Boden, A. and Eriksson, K.G., eds., Deep Drilling in Crystalline Bedrock, v. 1, Springer-Verlag, New York, pp. 134-139. 1988.
Johansson, A., Geochemical studies on the Boda Pb-Zn deposit in the Siljan astrobleme, central Sweden. Geologiska Foreningens I Stockholm Forhandlingar, v. 106, pp. 15-25. 1984.
Jovanovic, S., Reed, G. W. Jr., Trace elements in Gravberg drillhole samples. In: Boden, A. and Eriksson, K.G., eds., Deep Drilling in Crystalline Bedrock, v. 1, Springer-Verlag, New York, pp. 148-155. 1988.
Juhlin C., Pedersen, L. B., Further constraints on the formation of the Siljan impact crater from seismic reflection studies. GFF, v. 115, pp. 151-158. 1993.
Juhlin, C., Interpretation of the reflections in the Siljan Ring area based on results from the Gravberg-1 borehole, Tectonophysics, v. 173, pp. 345-360, 1990
Juhlin, C., Interpretation of the seismic reflectors in the Gravberg-I Well. In: Boden, A. and Eriksson, K.G., eds., Deep Drilling in Crystalline Bedrock, v. 1, Springer-Verlag, New York, pp. 113-121. 1988.
Juhlin, C., Pedersen, L. B., Reflection seismic investigations of the Siljan impact structure, Sweden. Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 92, pp. 14113-14122. 1987.
Juhojuntti N., Juhlin, C., Seismic lower crustal reflectivity and signal penetration in the Siljan Ring area, Central Sweden. Tectonophysics, v. 288, pp. 17-30. 1998.
Karlsson, D., Investigations of rocks from the Gravberg-1 Well: Petrological and geochemical results. In: Boden, A. and Eriksson, K.G., eds., Deep Drilling in Crystalline Bedrock, v. 1, Springer-Verlag, New York, pp. 224-229. 1988.
Kenkmann, T., von Dalwigk, I., Centro- symmetrical material flow during crater modification: structural implications. Lunar and Planetary Science Conference 31, Houston: CD-ROM 1041. 2000.
Kenkmann, T., von Dalwigk, I., Radial transpression ridges: A new structural feature of complex impact craters, Meteoritics & Planetary Science, Nov. 2000, v. 35, pp. 1189-1201. 2000.
Komor, S. C., Valley, J. W., 18O/16O profile through a 6 km - deep borehole in Precambrian granite, Siljan Ring, Sweden (abstract). EOS, v. 69, p. 1514. 1988.
Komor, S. C., Valley, J. W., Deep drilling at the Siljan Ring impact structure: oxygen-isotope geochemistry of granite. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, v. 105, pp. 516-532. 1990.
Komor, S. C., Valley, J.W. and Brown,P.E., Fluid-inclusion evidence for impact heating at the Siljan Ring, Sweden. Geology, v. 16, pp. 711-715. 1988.
Komor, S. C., Valley, J.W., Brown, P.E. and Collini,B., Fluid inclusions in granite from the Siljan ring impact structure and surrounding regions. In: Boden, A. and Eriksson, K.G., eds., Deep Drilling in Crystalline Bedrock, v. 1, Springer-Verlag, New York, pp. 180-208. 1988.
Laier, T., Light hydrocarbons in drill cuttings from the Gravberg-1 borehole. In: Boden, A. and Eriksson, K.G., eds., Deep Drilling in Crystalline Bedrock, v. 1, Springer-Verlag, New York, pp.140-147. 1988.
Landstrom, O., Collini, B. and AlDahan,A.A., Distribution of U, Th and REE in the rocks of the Gravberg-1 deep Well, Sweden (abstract). In: Pesonen, L.J. and Niemisara, H., eds., Symposium Fennoscandian Impact Structures, p. 62. 1990.
Lindblom, S., Wickman, F.E., Fluid inclusions in quartz from a quartz breccia in the Siljan Ring structure, central Sweden., Geologiska Foreningens i Stockholm Forhandlingar, v. 107, pp. 53-58, 1985
Lund, C. E., Roberts, R.G., Dahl-Jensen, T. and Lindgren,J., Deep crustal structure in the vacinity of the Siljan Ring. In: Boden, A. and Eriksson, K.G., eds., Deep Drilling in Crystalline Bedrock, v. 1, Springer-Verlag, New York, pp. 355-364. 1988.
Masaitis, V. L., Danilin, A.N., Maschak, M.S., Raykhlin, A.I., Selivanovskaya, T.V. and Shadenkov,Ye.M., The Geology of Astroblemes (in Russian). Leningrad, Nedra, 231 p. 1980.
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Metzler, A., Stoffler, D., Siljan impact structure, Sweden: Dyke breccias within the crater floor (abstract). In: Pesonen, L.J. and Niemisara, H., eds., Symposium Fennoscandian Impact Structures, p. 48. 1990.
Nicolaysen, L. O., An "internal" origin proposed for Siljan, Dellen and Lappajärvi structures (abstract). Pesonen, L.J. and Niemisara, H., eds., Symposium Fennoscandian Impact Structures, p. 50. 1990.
Papasikas N., Juhlin, C., Interpretation of reflections from the central part of the Siljan Ring impact structure based on results from the Stenberg-1 borehole. Tectonophysics, v. 269, pp. 237-245. 1997.
Pedersen, L. B., Rasmussen, T.M. and Dyrelius,D., Construction of component maps from aeromagnetic total field anomaly maps. Geophysical Prospecting, v. 38, pp. 795-804. 1990.
Pedersen, L. B., Zhang, P. and Rasmussen,T., Electrical conductivity structure around the Gravberg Well. In: Boden, A. and Eriksson, K.G., eds., Deep Drilling in Crystalline Bedrock, v. 1, Springer-Verlag, New York, pp. 95-103. 1988.
Ramseyer, K., AlDahan, A.A., Collini, B. and Landstrom,O., Mineralogical modifications in granite rocks from the Siljan impact structure (abstract). In: Pesonen, L.J. and Niemisara, H., eds., Symposium Fennoscandian Impact Structures, p. 22. 1990.
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Wickman, F. E., The impact center of the Siljan structure, central Sweden. Geologiska Foreningens i Stockholm Forhandlingar, v. 102, pp. 105-109. 1980.
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Wickman, F.E., Nystrom, J.O., The Proterozoic rock pebbles of the basal Ordovician conglomerate in the Siljan Ring structure and their significance ( meteorite- impact craters, Sweden)., Geologiska Foreningens i Stockholm Forhandlingar, v. 106, pp. 215-218, 1984
Wickman, F.E., The Siljan Ring impact structure: connections with minor ores in its neighborhood, GFF, v. 116, pp. 145-146, 1994
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* pre-1977 K-Ar, Ar-Ar and Rb-Sr ages recalculated using the decay constants of Steiger and Jager (1977) Ages in millions of years (Ma) before present.

** Abbreviations: C - Crystalline Target; C-Ms - Metasedimentary Target; M - Mixed Target (i.e.sedimentary strata overlying crystalline basement); S - sedimentary target (i.e. no crystalline rocks affected by the impact event). From Osinski. G. R., Spray J. G., and Grieve R. A. F. 2007. Impact melting in sedimentary target rocks: A synthesis. In The Sedimentary Record of Meteorite Impacts, Geological Society of America Special Paper. Editors: Evans K. Horton W., King D., Morrow J., and Warme J. Geological Society of America: Boulder, in press.

***
From Koeberl,C. Identification of meteoritic components in impactites. 1998, Koeberl, C. The Geochemistry and Cosmochemistry of Impacts. 2007 and PASSC Files. (IAB, IIIAB, IIIB, IIID - Iron Meteorite)

 

 

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