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Earth Impact Database Sorted by : | Name | Diameter | Age |

 

Roter Kamm

Crater Name
Location
Latitude
Longitude
Diameter (km)
Age (Ma)*
Exposed
Drilled
Target Rock**
Bolide Type***
Roter Kamm
Namibia
S 27° 46'
E 16° 18'
2.5
< 5
Y
N
C
-

 

***

***

Aerial Photograph

***

Landsat TM Mosaic + SIR-C/X-SAR Scene
Source: Ulrich Terhalle

DEM image Provided by Dr. Carlos Roberto de Souza Filho

Image Provided by Dr. Carlos Roberto de Souza Filho

Image Provided by Dr. Carlos Roberto de Souza Filho

References
Bishop, J., Koeberl, C. and Reimold,W.U., Geochemistry of the Roter Kamm impact crater, SWA/Namibia (abstract). Meteoritics, v. 24, p. 252. 1989.
Blumberg, D. G., McHone, J.F., Kuzmin, R. and Greeley,R., Radar imaging of impact craters by SIR-C/X-SAR (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XXVI, pp. 139-140. 1995.
Brandt, D., Reimold, W.U., Franzsen, A.J., Koeberl, C., Wendorff,L., Geophysical profile of the Roter Kamm impact crater, Namibia, Meteoritics & Planetary Science 33, pp. 447-453. 1998.
Brandt, D., Reimold, W.U., Wendof, L., Koeberl, C. and Grant,J., Geophysical signatures of the Roter Kamm impact crater, Namibia (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science, v. XXVII, pp. 153-154. 1996.
Cockell, C. S., Lee, P., The Biology of Impact Craters - a review. Biol. Rev., 77, P. 279 - 310. 2002.
Degenhardt, Jr,J.J., Buchanan, P.C. and Reid,A.M., Impactite and pseudotachylite from Roter Kamm crater, Namibia (abstract). International Conference on Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution, LPI Contribution No. 790, pp. 20-21. 1992.
Degenhardt, Jr,J.J., Buchanan, P.C., Reid, A.M. and Miller,R.McG., Breccia veins and dykes associated with the Roter Kamm Crater, Namibia. Geological Society of America Special Paper 293, pp. 197-208. 1994.
Degenhardt, Jr,J.J., Reid, A.M., Buchanan, P.C. and Miller,R.McG., Melt breccias from Roter Kamm impact crater, Namibia (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XXVI, pp. 323-324. 1995.
Degenhardt, Jr,J.J., Reid, A.M., Miller, R.McG. and Reimold,W.U., Breccias resembling melt bombs from the Roter Kamm Crater. Meteorites & Planetary Science, v. 31, pp. 413-415. 1996.
Dietz, R. S., Roter Kamm, southwest Africa: Probable meteorite crater. Meteoritics, v. 2, pp. 311-314. 1965.
Fudali, R. F., Roter Kamm: Evidence for an impact origin. Meteoritics, v. 8, pp. 245-257. 1973.
Garvin, J. B., Grieve, R.A.F. and Schnetzler,C.C., Satellite remote sensing signatures of impact structures (abstract). Meteoritics, v. 30, pp. 509. 1995.
Grant, J. A., Koeberl, C., Reimold, W.U., Schultz, P.H., Brandt, D. and Franzsen,A.J., The degradation history of the Roter Kamm impact crater, Namibia (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science, v. XXVII, pp. 447-448. 1996.
Grant, J. A., Koeberl, C., Reimold, W.U., Schultz, P.H., Brandt, D., Franzsen,A.J., The Degredation History of the Roter Kamm Impact Crater, Namibia, LPSC XXVII, Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston Tx. Abstract. 1996.
Grieve, R. A. F., Recent studies at the Roter Kamm impact crater. Meteoritics, v. 28, pp. 160. 1993.
Gurov, E. P., Gurova, E. P., Impact structures on the Earth's surface (in Russian). Geologicheskii Zhurnal, v. 47, pp. 117-124. 1987.
Hartung, J. B., Kunk, M.R., Reimold, W.U., Miller, R. McG. and Grieve,R.A.F., Roter Kamm crater age: 3.5 to 4.0 Ma (abstract). Meteoritics, v. 26, pp. 342-343. 1991.
Hecht, L., Reimold, W.U., Sherlock, S., Tagle, R., Koeberl, C., et al, New impact-melt rock from the Roter Kamm impact structure, Namibia; further constraints on impact age, melt rock chemistry and projectile composition. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, vol.43, pp.1201-1218. 2008.
Hörz, F., Ostertag, R and Rainey,D A., Bunte breccia of the Ries: Continuous deposits of large impact craters. Reviews of Geophysics and Space Physics, v. 21, pp. 1667-1725. 1983.
Koeberl, C., African meteorite impact craters: Characteristics and geological importance. Journal of African Sciences, v. 18, pp. 263-295. 1994.
Koeberl, C., Fredriksson, K., Gotzinger, M. and Reimold,W.U., Anomalous quartz from the Roter Kamm impact crater, Namibia: Evidence for post-impact hydrothermal activity? Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 53, pp. 2113-2118. 1989.
Koeberl, C., Klein, J., Matsuda, J., Nagao, K., Reimold, W.U. and Storzer,D., Roter Kamm impact crater, Namibia: Age constraints from K-Ar, Rb-Sr, fission track, and 10Be-26 Al studies (abstract). Meteoritics, v. 27, 244-245. 1992.
Koeberl, C., Martinez-Ruiz, F., The Stratigraphic Record of Impact Events: A Short Overview, Impact Markers in the Stratigraphic Record p. 1 - 40. 2003.
Koeberl, C., Reimold, W.U., Bishop, J. and Miller,R.McG., Roter Kamm impact crater, SWA/Namibia: New geochemical and isotopic studies and further evidence for post-impact hydrothermal activity (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XXI, pp. 647-648. 1990.
Koeberl, C., Reimold, W.U., Gotzinger, M. and Fredriksson,K., Quartz at the Roter Kamm crater and post-impact hydrothermal activity: A reply to E. Roedder. Geochemica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 54, pp. 3249-3251. 1990.
Koeberl, C., The age of the Roter Kamm impact crater, Namibia: Constraints from 40Ar-39Ar, K-Ar, Rb-Sr, fission track, and 10Be-26Al studies. Meteoritics, v. 28, pp. 204-212. 1993.
Masaitis, V. L., Danilin, A.N., Maschak, M.S., Raykhlin, A.I., Selivanovskaya, T.V. and Shadenkov,Ye.M., The Geology of Astroblemes (in Russian). Leningrad, Nedra, 231 p. 1980.
McHone, J.F., Greeley, R., Williams, K.K., Blumberg, D.G. and Kuzmin, R.O., Space shuttle observations of terrestrial impact structures using SIR-C and X-SAR radars, Meteoritics & Planetary Science, v.37, no.3, pp.407-420. 2002.
Miller, R. McG., Reimold, W. U., Deformation and shock deformation in rocks from the Roter Kamm crater, SWA/Nambia (abstract). Meteoritics, v. 21, pp. 456-458. 1986.
Miller, R.M., Roter Kamm impact crater of Namibia; new data of rim structure, target rock geochemistery, ejecta, and meteorite trajectory. Special Paper-Geological Society of America, vol.465, pp.489-508. 2010.
Rajmon, D., Copeland, P. , Reid, A. M. and Lavigne, J. -F., Temperature of Formation of Pseudotachylytic Impact Breccias, Roter Kamm Crater, SW Namibia. 62nd Annual Meteoritical Society Meeting.
Rajmon, D., Copeland, P. , Reid, A. M., "Pseudotachylytes" that never melted: A Thermal Story from Roter Kamm Crater, Namibia. Lunar and Planetary Science XXXIII. 2002.
Rajmon, D., Copeland, P., Reid, A.M., Lavigne,J-F., Temperature of Formation of Pseudotachylytic Impact Breccias, Roter Kamm Crater, SW Namibia, Meteoritics; vol. 34, No. 4, Supp. p. A95. 1999.
Rajmon, D., Hall, S. A. , Reid, A. M. , Miller, R. McG and Robertson, D. J., Magnetic Investigations of Breccia Veins and Basement Rocks from Roter Kamm Crater and Surrounding Region, Namibia. Lunar and Planetary Science XXXV. 2004.
Reimold, W. U., Dressler, B. O., The economic significance of impact processes (abstract). Abstracts for the International Workshop on Meteorite Impact on the Early Earth, Perth, Australia, pp. 36-37. 1990.
Reimold, W. U., Impact cratering - a review, with special reference to the economic importance of impacat structures and the southern African impact crater record. Earth, Moon and Planets, v. 70, pp. 21-45. 1995.
Reimold, W. U., Koeberl, C. and Bishop,J., Roter Kamm impact crater, Namibia: Geochemistry of basement rocks and breccias. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 58, p. 2689-2710. 1994.
Reimold, W. U., Koeberl, C. and Brandt,D., Suevite at the Roter Kamm impact crater, Namibia. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, v. 32, pp. 431-437. 1997.
Reimold, W. U., Koeberl, C. and Miller,R.Mc.G., Geochemistry of the melt rocks in the Roter Kamm impact structure, SWA/Namibia. Congress '90, 23rd Bienn. Congr., Geological Society of South Africa, Cape Town, pp. 718-723. 1990.
Reimold, W. U., Koeberl, C., Brandt., Suevite at the Roter Kamm Impact Crater, Namibia, Meteoritics; vol. 32, p. 431-7. 1997.
Reimold, W. U., Miller, R. McG., The Roter Kamm impact crater, SWA/Namibia. Proceedings Lunar and Planetary Science Conference 19th, pp. 711-732. 1989.
Reimold, W. U., Miller, R.McG., Grieve, R.A.F. and Koeberl,C., The Roter Kamm crater structure in SWA/Namibia (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XIX, pp. 972-973. 1988.
Reimold, W. U., Reid, A.M., Jakes, P., Zolensky, M. and Miller,R.McG., A magnetic survey across the Roter Kamm impact crater, Namibia (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XXIII, pp. 1143-1144. 1992.
Skrynnik, G. V., Meteorite craters on the Earth (in Russian). Astronomicheskii Vestnik, v. 11, pp. 198-210. 1977.
Storzer D., Wagner, G. A., Fission-track ages of North American tektites. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 10, pp. 435-440. 1971.
Storzer, D., Koeberl, C and Reimold,W U., Age of the Roter Kamm impact crater, Namibia: A discussion based on fission track and isotopic measurements (abstract). Meteoritics, v. 25, pp. 411-412. 1990.

 

* pre-1977 K-Ar, Ar-Ar and Rb-Sr ages recalculated using the decay constants of Steiger and Jager (1977) Ages in millions of years (Ma) before present.

** Abbreviations: C - Crystalline Target; C-Ms - Metasedimentary Target; M - Mixed Target (i.e.sedimentary strata overlying crystalline basement); S - sedimentary target (i.e. no crystalline rocks affected by the impact event). From Osinski. G. R., Spray J. G., and Grieve R. A. F. 2007. Impact melting in sedimentary target rocks: A synthesis. In The Sedimentary Record of Meteorite Impacts, Geological Society of America Special Paper. Editors: Evans K. Horton W., King D., Morrow J., and Warme J. Geological Society of America: Boulder, in press.

***
From Koeberl,C. Identification of meteoritic components in impactites. 1998, Koeberl, C. The Geochemistry and Cosmochemistry of Impacts. 2007 and PASSC Files. (IAB, IIIAB, IIIB, IIID - Iron Meteorite)

 

 

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