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Earth Impact Database Sorted by : | Name | Diameter | Age |

 

Rochechouart

Crater Name
Location
Latitude
Longitude
Diameter (km)
Age (Ma)*
Exposed
Drilled
Target Rock**
Bolide Type***
Rochechouart
France
N 45° 50'
E 0° 56'
23
201 ± 2
Y
N
C
Chondrite? Iron?

 

Rochechouart Castle is build on a hill, which consists of polymict breccia.
The craterfloor was also indentified here, which is approx in the middle of the
picture below the castle. Photo Sept. 2002. Submitted by Harald Stehlik.

References
Basilevsky, A. T., Fel'dman, V.I., Kapustkina, I.G. and Kolesov,G.M., On the distribution of iridium in the rocks of terrestrial impact craters (in Russian). Geokhimiya, v. 6, pp. 781-790. 1984.
Bischoff, L., Oskierski, W., Fractures, pseudotachylite veins & breccia dikes in the crater floor of the Rochechouart impact structure, SW France, as indicators of crater forming processes. In: Pohl, J., ed., Research in Terrestrial Impact Structures, Friedrich Viewag and Sohn, Braunschweig/Weisbaden, pp. 5-29. 1987.
Bobee, C., Schmutz, M., Camerlynck, C., Robain, H. An integrated geophysical study of the western part of the Rochechouart-Chassenon impact structure, Charente, France. Near Surface Geophysics, vol.8, pp.259. 2010.
Carporzen, L., Gilder, S. A., Evidence for coeal Late Triassic terrestrial impacts from the Rochechouart (France) meteorite crater, Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 33. 2006.
Chevrel, S., Pinet, P., Multispectal imaging of crater gassendi in ten bands (UV to near-IR) (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XXI, pp. 186. 1990.
Chèvremont, P., The astrobleme of Rochechouart (France) (abstract). European Science Foundation, Third International Workshop. Shock Wave Behaviour of Solids in Nature and Experiments, Limoges, France. 1994.
Cockell, C. S., Lee, P., The Biology of Impact Craters - a review. Biol. Rev., 77, P. 279 - 310. 2002.
Dabizha, A. I., Anuchin, M.S., Fedynsky, V.V. and Melikhov,V.R., Circular structures of the central part of the Russian platform (in Russian). Meteoritika, v. 34, pp. 88-91. 1975.
Eitel, M., Gilder, S.A., Kunzmann, T. and Pohl, J. Rochechouart impact crater melt breccias record no geomagnetic field reversal. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol.387, pp.97. 2014.
Glangeand, Ph., Feuille de Rochechouart ar 80,000. Région volcanique carbonifè des evirons de Rochechouart. Compts Rendus des Collaborateurs, pp. 491-492. 0.
Grieve, R. A. F., The record of impact on Earth: Implications for a major Cretaceous/Tertiary impact event. Geological Society of America, Special Paper 190, pp. 25-37. 1982.
Gurov, E. P., Gurova, E. P., Impact structures on the Earth's surface (in Russian). Geologicheskii Zhurnal, v. 47, pp. 117-124. 1987.
Hildebrand, A. R., Pilkington, M., Connors, M., Ortiz-Aleman, C. and Chavez,R.E., Size and structure of the Chicxulub crater revealed by horizontal gravity gradients and cenotes. Nature, v. 376, pp. 415-417. 1995.
Horn, W., El Goresy, A., The Rochechouart crater in France: Stony and not an iron meteorite? (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XI, pp. 468-470. 1980.
Horn, W., El Gorsey, A., Fe-Cr-Ni-metals in rocks from the floor of the Rochechouart crater: Material of the impacting body? (abstract). Meteoritics, v. 14, p. 424. 1979.
Hörz, F., Gall, F, Huttner, R, Oberbeck, V R. and Morrison,R H., The Ries crater and lunar basin deposits (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science, v. VI, pp. 396-398. 1975.
Janssens, M. J., Hertogen, J., Takahashi, H. and Palme,H., Meteoritic material at 4 large impact craters (abstract). EOS, v. 58, pp. 424-425. 1977.
Janssens, M. J., Hertogen, J., Takahashi, H. anders, E. and Lambert,P., Rochechouart meteorite crater: Identification of projectile. Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 82, pp. 750-758. 1977.
Kaputskina, I. G., Fel'dman, V. I., Fractionation of meteoritic material in the impact process (in Russian). Geokhimiya, v. 11, pp. 1547-1557. 1988.
Kelley S.P., Spray, J. G., A late Triassic age for the Rochechouart impact structure, France. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, v. 32, pp. 629-636. 1997.
Kenkmann, T., Ivanov, B. A., Low-angle faulting in the basement of complex impact craters: numerical modelling and field observations in the Rochechouart structure, France, Lunar and Planetary Science XXX. 1999.
Kenkmann, T., Ivanov, B.A. and Stoffler,D., Identification of ancient impact structures: Low-angle normal faults and related Geological features of crater basements. In Gilmour, I and Koeberl, C. (eds.) Impacts and the Early Earth, Lecture Notes in Earth Sciences, 91, 271-309, Springer-Verlag. 2000.
Kent, D. V., Impacts on Earth in the Late Triassic, Nature, vol. 395, pp. 126. 1998.
Koeberl, C., Chromium isotopic studies of terrestrial impact craters: Identification of meteoritic components at Bosumtwi, Clearwater East, Lappajarvi, and Rochechouart, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 256, P. 534 - 546. 2007.
Kraut, F., French, B. M., The Rochechouart impact structure, France (abstract). Meteoritics, v. 5, pp. 206-207. 1970.
Kraut, F., French, B. M., The Rochechouart meteorite impact structure, France: Preliminary geological results. Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 76, pp. 5407-5413. 1971.
Kraut, F., On the origin of quartz cleavage in "volcanic" breccias in the Rochechouart region (in French). Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences, Paris, Serie D, v. 264, pp. 2609-2612. 1967.
Lambert, P., Geologic study of the Rochechouart impact structure (Limousin, France) and its context (in French). Bureau de Recherches Geologiques et Minieres (B.R.G.M.) Bulletin, Serie 2, v. 3, pp. 153-164. 1974.
Lambert, P., Osinski, G.R., Sapers, H.M., and Anonymous.  Basal suevite and basal impact melt rocks, a single impactite unit marking the bottom of Rochechouart transient crater. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, vol.46, pp.A133. 2011.
Lambert, P., Results and implications of research on coesite and stishovite in Rochechouart Crater (abstract). Meteoritics, v. 13, pp. 530-531. 1978.
Lambert, P., Rochechouart impact crater: Statistical geochemical investigations and meteoritic contamination. In: Roddy, D.J., Pepin, R.O. and Merrill, R.B., eds., Impact and Explosion Cratering, Pergamon Press, New York, pp. 449-460. 1977.
Lambert, P., Sorel, D., Carey, E. and Brunier,B., New developments on shatter cone studies (abstract). Meteoritics, v. 12, p. 285. 1977.
Lambert, P., The impact structure of the giant Rochechouart meteorite (in French). Thesis, Universite Paris-Sud, Orsay Center, 148 p. 1974.
Lambert, P., The Rochechouart crater: Shock zoning study. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 35, pp. 258-268. 1977.
Lambert, P., The Rochechouart impact structure (Limousin) and its regional structural context, as interpreted from an ERTS photosatellite image (in French). Bureau de Recherches Geologiques et Minieres (B.R.G.M.) Bulletin, Serie 2, v. 1, pp. 177-188. 1974.
Lamberth, P. Target and impact deposits at Rochechouart impact structure, France. Special Paper- Geological Society of America, vol.465, pp.509. 2010.
Masaitis, V. L., Danilin, A.N., Maschak, M.S., Raykhlin, A.I., Selivanovskaya, T.V. and Shadenkov,Ye.M., The Geology of Astroblemes (in Russian). Leningrad, Nedra, 231 p. 1980.
Mazeaufroid F., Marchat, C., Le cratere d'impact meteoritique de Rochechouart - Chassenon. Third International Workshop, "Impact Cratering and Evolution of Planet Earth", p. 35. 1994.
McHone J F., Dietz, R. S., Earth's multiple impact craters and astroblemes (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science, v. XXIII, pp. 887-888. 1992.
Oskierski, W., Bischoff, L., Petrographic, geochemical and structural studies on impact breccia dikes of the Rochechouart impact struture, SW France (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XIV, pp. 584-585. 1983.
Palme, H., Janssens, M.J., Takahashi, H. anders, E. and Hertogen,J., Meteoritic material at five large impact craters. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 42, pp. 313-323. 1978.
Palme, H., Rammensee, W. and Reimold,W.U., The meteoritic component of impact melts from European impact craters (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XI, pp. 849-850. 1980.
Pohl, J., Ernstson, K. and Lambert,P., Gravity measurements in the Rochechouart impact structure (France) (abstract). Meteoritics, v. 13, pp. 601-604. 1978.
Pohl, J., Ernstson, K., Gravity investigations in the Rochechouart impact structure (abstract). European Science Foundation, Third International Workshop. Shock Wave Behaviour of Solids in Nature and Experiments, Limoges, France. 1994.
Pohl, J., Magnetic investigations in the Rochechouart impact structure (abstract). European Science Foundation, Third International Workshop. Shock Wave Behaviour of Solids in Nature and Experiments, Limoges, France. 1994.
Pohl, J., Soffel, H., Paleomagnetic age determination of the Rochechouart impact structure (France). Zeitschrift fur Geophysik, v. 37, pp. 857-866. 1971.
Pohl, J., Soffel, H., Paleomagnetic results from the Rochechouart (France) impact site (abstract). Meteoritics, v. 6, p. 299. 1971.
Raguin, E., The impactites of Rochechouart (Haute-Vienne), their crystalline-metamorphic substrate (in French). Bureau de Recherches Geologiques et Minieres (B.R.G.M.) Bulletin, Serie 2, v. 3, pp. 1-8. 1972.
Reimold, W. U., Bischoff, L., Nieber-Reimold, J., Oskierski, W. and Rehfeldt,A., Petrographic and geochemical studies on the basement rocks of the Rochechouart meteorite crater, France, and pseudotachylite therein (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XIV, pp. 636-639. 1983.
Reimold, W. U., Bischoff, L., Oskierski, W. and Schafer,H., Genesis of pseudotachylite veins in the basement of the Rochechouart impact crater, France. I. Geological and petrographical evidence (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XV, pp. 683-684. 1984.
Reimold, W. U., Bischoff, L., Oskierski, W., Rehfeldt, A. and Schmidt,A., Genesis of pseudotachylite veins in the basement of the Rochechouart impact crater, France. II. Geochemical evidence and a genetic model (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XV, pp. 681-682. 1984.
Reimold, W. U., Oskierski, W. and Schafer,H., The Rochechouart impact melt: Geochemical implications and Rb-Sr chronology (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XV, pp. 685-686. 1984.
Reimold, W. U., Oskierski, W. and Schmidt,A., Rb-Sr age dating of the Rochechouart impact event and geochemical implications for the formation of impact breccia dykes (abstract). Meteoritics, v. 18, pp. 385-386. 1983.
Reimold, W. U., Oskierski, W., The Rb-Sr-age of the Rochechouart impact structure, France, and geochemical constraints on impact melt-target rock-meteorite compositions. In: Pohl, J., ed., Research in Terrestrial Impact Structures, Friedr. Vieweg & Sohn, Braunschweig/Wiesbaden, pp. 94-114. 1987.
Sapers, H.M., Osinski, G.R., Banerjee, N.R., Ferriere, L., Lambert, P., and Izawa, M.R.M. Revisiting the Rochechouart impact structure, France. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, vol. 49, pp.2152. 2014.
Schmidt, G., Palme, H. and Kratz,K.L., The fractionation of highly siderophile elements (HSE) in impact melts and the determination of the meteoritic components, Meteoritics, v. 30, pp. 573-574. 1995.
Schmieder, M., Buchner, E., Schwarz, W.H., Trieloff, M., Lambert, P. A Rhaetian 40Ar/39Ar age for the Rochechouart impact structure (France) and implications for the latest Triassic sedimentary record.Meteoritics and Planetary Science 45, 1225–1242. 2010.
Spray, J. G., Impacts on Earth in the Late Triassic - REPLY, Nature, vol. 395, pp. 126. 1998.
Spray, J. G., Kelley, S.P. and Rowley,D.B., Evidence for a late Triassic multiple impact event on Earth. Nature, v. 392, pp. 171-173. 1998.
Wagner, G. A., Storzer, D., The age of the Rochechouart structure. Meteoritics, v. 10, pp. 503-504. 1975.
Walzebuck, J. P., Engelhardt, W. v., Shock deformation of quartz influenced by grain size and shock direction: Observations on quartz-plagioclase rocks from the basement of the Ries crater, Germany. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, v. 70, pp. 267-271. 1979.
Yakovlev, O. I., Parfenova, O.V. and Ignatenko,K.I., Nonequilibrium condensation and high potassium impactites (in Russian). Meteoritika, v. 41, pp. 141-149. 1982.

 

* pre-1977 K-Ar, Ar-Ar and Rb-Sr ages recalculated using the decay constants of Steiger and Jager (1977) Ages in millions of years (Ma) before present.

** Abbreviations: C - Crystalline Target; C-Ms - Metasedimentary Target; M - Mixed Target (i.e.sedimentary strata overlying crystalline basement); S - sedimentary target (i.e. no crystalline rocks affected by the impact event). From Osinski. G. R., Spray J. G., and Grieve R. A. F. 2007. Impact melting in sedimentary target rocks: A synthesis. In The Sedimentary Record of Meteorite Impacts, Geological Society of America Special Paper. Editors: Evans K. Horton W., King D., Morrow J., and Warme J. Geological Society of America: Boulder, in press.

***
From Koeberl,C. Identification of meteoritic components in impactites. 1998, Koeberl, C. The Geochemistry and Cosmochemistry of Impacts. 2007 and PASSC Files. (IAB, IIIAB, IIIB, IIID - Iron Meteorite)

 

 

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