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Earth Impact Database Sorted by : | Name | Diameter | Age |



Crater Name
Diameter (km)
Age (Ma)*
Target Rock**
Bolide Type***

Labrador, Canada

N 55° 53'
W 63° 18'
36.4 ± 4


Landsat 7 Bands 7, 5 4 (RGB) Image acquired: Nov 7th, 2000
Submitted by Ron Hayes, USGS




Basilevsky, A. T., Fel'dman, V.I., Kapustkina, I.G. and Kolesov,G.M., On the distribution of iridium in the rocks of terrestrial impact craters (in Russian). Geokhimiya, v. 6, pp. 781-790. 1984.
Bazilevskiy, A.T., et al., The iridium distribution in rocks from terrestrial impact craters., Geochemistry International, v. 21, pp. 151-158, 1984
Bottomley, R. J., York, D. and Grieve,R.A.F., Possible source craters for the North American tektites--A geochronological investigation (abstract). EOS, v. 60, p. 309. 1979.
Clark, J. F., Magnetic survey data at meteoritic impact sites in North America. Geomagnetic Service of Canada, Earth Physics Branch Open File # 83-5, 30 p. 1983.
Currie, K. L., Geology of the resurgent cryptoexplosion crater at Mistastin Lake, Labrador. Canada Geological Survey Bulletin 207, 62 p. 1971.
Currie, K. L., Larochelle, A., A paleomagnetic study of volcanic rocks from Mistastin Lake, Labrador, Canada. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 6, pp. 309-315. 1969.
Currie, K. L., Mistastin Lake, Labrador: A new Canadian crater. Nature, v. 220, pp. 776-777. 1968.
Currie, K. L., The composition of anomalous plagioclase glass and coexisting plagioclase from Mistastin Lake, Labrador, Canada. Mineralogical Magazine, v. 38, pp. 511-517. 1971.
Dence, M. R., The nature and significance of terrestrial impact structures. International Geological Congress, 24th, Montreal, Canada, pp. 77-89. 1972.
Emslie, R. F., Cousens, B., Hamblin, C. and Bielecki,J., The Mistastin batholith, Labrador-Quebec, an Elsonian composite rapakivi suite. Geological Survey of Canada Paper 80-1A, pp. 95-100. 1980.
Fahrig, W. F., Jones, D. L., The paleomagnetism of the Helikian Mistastin pluton, Labrador, Canada. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 13, pp. 832-837. 1976.
Grieve, R. A. F., Impact melt at Mistastin Lake, Labrador (abstract). EOS, v. 55, p. 336. 1974.
Grieve, R. A. F., Petrology and chemistry of the impact melt at Mistastin Lake crater, Labrador. Geological Society of America Bulletin 86, pp. 1617-1629. 1975.
Grieve, R. A. F., The record of impact on Earth: Implications for a major Cretaceous/Tertiary impact event. Geological Society of America, Special Paper 190, pp. 25-37. 1982.
Gurov, E. P., Gurova, E. P., Impact structures on the Earth's surface (in Russian). Geologicheskii Zhurnal, v. 47, pp. 117-124. 1987.
Herve, G., Gilder, S.A., Marion, C.L., Osinski, G.R., Pohl, J., et al, Paleomagnetic and rock magnetic study of the Mistastin Lake impact structure (Labrador, Canada); implications for geomagnetic perturbation and shock effects. Earth and Planetary Science letters, 417, 151-163. 2015.
Janssens, M. J., Hertogen, J., Takahashi, H. and Palme,H., Meteoritic material at 4 large impact craters (abstract). EOS, v. 58, pp. 424-425. 1977.
Khryanina, L. P., Ivanov, O. P., Structure of meteorite craters and astroblemes (in Russian). Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR, v. 233, pp. 457-460. 1977.
Lambert, P., Grieve, R.A.F., Shock experiments on maskelynite-bearing anorthosite, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 68, pp. 159-171, 1984
Mak, E. K. C., Ar40/Ar39 dating of shock metamorphosed rocks from the Mistastin Lake meteorite impact crater. M.Sc. Thesis, Department of Physics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada, 99 p. 1973.
Mak, E. K. C., York, D., Grieve, R.A.F. and Dence,M.R., The age of the Mistastin Lake crater, Labrador, Canada. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 31, pp. 345-357. 1976.
Marchand, M., Crocket, J. H., Sr isotopes and trace element geochemistry of the impact melt and target rocks at the Mistastin Lake crater, Labrador. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 41, pp. 1487-1495. 1977.
Marchand, M., Crocket, J. H., The Mistastin Lake pluton and meteorite crater, northern Labrador (abstract). Geological Association of Canada, Annual Meeting, pp. 58-59. 1974.
Marion, C., et al., Microbeam-based analytical approach to define melt composition and identify target rocks in impact melt sheets: An analogue study from the Mistastin Lake impact crater, Labrador, International Astronautical Federation - 58th International Astronautical Congress 2007, v. 2, pp. 1185-1193, 2007
Marion, C.L., Sylvester, P.J., Composition and heterogeneity of anorthositic impact melt at Mistastin Lake crater, Labrador, Planetary and Space Science, v. 58, pp. 552-573, 2010
Masaitis, V. L., Danilin, A.N., Maschak, M.S., Raykhlin, A.I., Selivanovskaya, T.V. and Shadenkov,Ye.M., The Geology of Astroblemes (in Russian). Leningrad, Nedra, 231 p. 1980.
McCormick, K. A., Taylor, G.J., Keil, K., Spudis, P.D., Grieve, R.A.F. and Ryder,G., Sources of clasts in terrestrial impact melts: Clues to the origin of LKFM. Proceedings Lunar and Planetary Science Conference 19th, pp. 691-696. 1989.
Morgan, J. W., Higuchi, H., Ganapathy, R. and Anders,E., Meteoritic material in four terrestrial meteorite craters. Proceedings Lunar Science Conference 6th, pp. 1609-1623. 1975.
Newsom, H. E., Nelson, M.J., Shearer, C.K., Rietmeijer, F.J.M, Gakin, R., Lee,K., Major and Trace element variations in the Impact Crater clays from Chicxulub, Lonar and Mistastin, Implications for the Martian soil, Lunar and Planetary Science XXXV. 2004.
Ogilvie, B. Y., Robertson, B. and Grieve,R.A.F., Meteorite impact features in Canada: An inventory and an evaluation. Unpublished Report, 180 p. 1984.
Osinski, G. R., Tornabene, L. L., & Grieve, R. A. F., Impact ejecta emplacement on terrestrial planets. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 310(3-4), 167-181. 2011
Osinski, G.R., Grieve, R.A.F., Collins, G.S., Marion, C., Sylvester, P., The effect of target lithology on the products of impact melting. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, vol 43.12, pp. 1939-1954. 2008.
Palme, H., Grieve, R.A.F. and Wolf,R., Identification of the projectile at Brent crater, and further considerations of projectile types at terrestrial craters. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 45, pp. 2417-2424. 1981.
Palme, H., Janssens, M.J., Takahashi, H. anders, E. and Hertogen,J., Meteoritic material at five large impact craters. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 42, pp. 313-323. 1978.
Phinney, W. C., Simonds, C. H., Dynamical implications of the petrology and distribution of impact melt rocks. Roddy, D.J., Pepin, R.O. and Merrill, R.B., eds., Impact and Explosion Cratering, Pergamon Press, New York, pp. 771-790. 1977.
Pickersgill, A.E., Flemming, R.L., Osinski, G.R., Toward quantification of strain-related mosaicity in shocked lunar and terrestrial plagioclase by in situ micro-X-ray diffraction. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, vol. 50, pp.1851-1862. 2015.
Pickersgill, A.E., Osinski, G.R., Flemming, R.L., Shock effects in plagioclase feldspar from the Mistastin Lake impact structure, Canada. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, vol.50, pp.1546-1561. 2015.
Robertson, P. B., Grieve, R. A. F., Impact structures in Canada: Their recognition and characteristics. Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada, v. 69, pp. 1-21. 1975.
Storzer, D., Wagner, G. A., Fission track dating of meteorite impacts (abstract). Programme, Meteoritical Society, 40th Meeting, p. 57. 1977.
Taylor, E. C., Dence, M. R., A probable meteorite origin for Mistastin Lake, Labrador. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 6, pp. 39-45. 1969.
Wolf, R., Woodrow, A.B. and Grieve,R.A.F., Meteoritic material at four Canadian impact craters. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 44, pp. 1015-1022. 1980.


* pre-1977 K-Ar, Ar-Ar and Rb-Sr ages recalculated using the decay constants of Steiger and Jager (1977) Ages in millions of years (Ma) before present.

** Abbreviations: C - Crystalline Target; C-Ms - Metasedimentary Target; M - Mixed Target (i.e.sedimentary strata overlying crystalline basement); S - sedimentary target (i.e. no crystalline rocks affected by the impact event). From Osinski. G. R., Spray J. G., and Grieve R. A. F. 2007. Impact melting in sedimentary target rocks: A synthesis. In The Sedimentary Record of Meteorite Impacts, Geological Society of America Special Paper. Editors: Evans K. Horton W., King D., Morrow J., and Warme J. Geological Society of America: Boulder, in press.

From Koeberl,C. Identification of meteoritic components in impactites. 1998, Koeberl, C. The Geochemistry and Cosmochemistry of Impacts. 2007 and PASSC Files. (IAB, IIIAB, IIIB, IIID - Iron Meteorite)



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