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Earth Impact Database Sorted by : | Name | Diameter | Age |

 

 

Lappajärvi

Crater Name
Location
Latitude
Longitude
Diameter (km)
Age (Ma)*
Exposed
Drilled
Target Rock**
Bolide Type***
Lappajärvi
Finland
N 63° 12'
E 23° 42'
23
76.20 ± 0.29
Y
Y
M
Chondrite

 

Ground photo
View from the east from the Hill Pyhaevuori. On the right-hand is Karnae Island
with the melt body. Picture Sept. 2001. Submitted by Harald Stehlik

Residual Topography

References

Abels, A., Pesonen, L.J., Bischoff, L. and Deutsch,A., Characterization of the Lappajarvi impact structure, Finland, by integrated spatial analyses of multisource geodata, 4th ESF Workshop, pg. 69. 2000.

Badjukov, D. D., Raitala, J. and Petrova,T.L., Metal and sulfide from projectile in impact melts of the Lappajarvi crater, 4th ESF Workshop, p. 55. 2000.
Badjukov, D. D., Raitala, J., Petrova., Metal and Sulfide Inclusions n the Lappajarvi Impact Melts, LPSC XXX, Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston, TX, Abstr. 1585 (CD-ROM). 1999.
Basilevsky, A. T., Fel'dman, V.I., Kapustkina, I.G. and Kolesov,G.M., On the distribution of iridium in the rocks of terrestrial impact craters (in Russian). Geokhimiya, v. 6, pp. 781-790. 1984.
Bisschoff, A. A., Stoffler, D., Chemical and structural changes induced by thermal annealing of shocked feldspar inclusions in impact melt rocks from Lappajarvi crater, Finland. Journal of Geophysical Research, Supplement, v. 89, pp. B645-B656. 1984.
Bisschoff, A. A., Stoffler, D., Thermal metamorphism of feldspar clasts in impact melt rocks from Lappajarvi crater, Finland (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XII, pp. 77-79. 1981.
Carstens, H., Thermal history of impact melt rocks in the Fennoscandian shield. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, v. 50, pp. 145-155. 1975.
Cockell, C. S., Lee, P., The Biology of Impact Craters - a review. Biol. Rev., 77, P. 279 - 310. 2002.
Cohen, A. J., Lappajarvi could be cryptovolcanic! (abstract). Pesonen, L.J. and Niemisara, H., eds., Symposium Fennoscandian Impact Structures, p. 58. 1990.
Elo, S., A study of the gravity anomaly associated with Lake Lappajarvi, Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Department of Geophysics, 20/21/1976/2, 20 p. 1976.
Elo, S., Jokinen, T. and Soininen,H., Geophysical investigations of Lake Lappajarvi impact structure, western Finland (abstract). Pesonen, L.J. and Niemisara, H., eds., Symposium Fennoscandian Impact Structures, p. 21. 1990.
Elo, S., Jokinen, T. and Soininen,H., Geophysical investigations of Lake Lappajarvi impact structure, western Finland. Tectonophysics, v. 216, pp. 99-109. 1992.
Elo, S., Zhdanova, L., Chepik, A., Pesonen, L.J., Philippov, N. and Shelemotov,A., Comparative geophysical description and modelling of Lappajarvi and Janisjarvi impact structures, Fennoscandian shield, 4th ESF Workshop, p. 35. 2000.
Fel'dman, V. I., Rare-Earth elements in astrobleme impactites. Geochemistry International, v. 32, pp. 24-48. 1995.
Fregerslev, S., Carstens, H., Fe-Ni metal in impact melt rocks of Lake Lappajarvi, Finland. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, v. 55, pp. 255-263. 1976.
Giudice, A.,Lo., Pratesi, G., Vishnevsky., New SEM-CL data on the Popigai, Ries and Lappajarvi Impact diamonds, Meteoritics & Planetary Science, Vol. 36, No.9, Supplement, p. A115-116. 2001.
Gobel, E., Reimold, U., Baddenhausen, H. and Palme,H., The projectile of the Lappajarvi impact crater. Zeitschrift fur Naturforschung, v. 35a, pp. 197-203. 1980.
Gurov, E. P., Gurova, E. P., Impact structures on the Earth's surface (in Russian). Geologicheskii Zhurnal, v. 47, pp. 117-124. 1987.
Henkel, H., Pesonen, L. J., Impact craters and craterform structures in Fennoscandia. Tectonophysics, v. 216, pp. 31-40. 1992.
Hölker, Th., Deutsch, A. and Pipping,F., Geochemical investigations on impact melt breccias from drill core DH 301, Lappajarvi impact crater (Finland) (abstract). 4th International Workshop of the ESF Scientific Network on "Impact Cratering and Evolution of Planet Earth". The Role of Impacts on the Evolution of the Atmosphere and Biosphere with Regard to Short- and Long-Term Changes, p. 92. 1995.
Holker, Th., Deutsch, A.,., Strontium and Nd Isotopic compositions of impact melt rocks from the Boltysh and Lappajarvi Impact Structures. 59th Annual Meteoritical Society Meeting, Impact Craters and Ejecta I, Oral, METSOC 96 p. A62-63. 1996.
Hough, R. M., Vishnevsky, S. Abbott, J.I., Pal'chik, N., Raitala,J.& I.Gilmour., New data on the nature of impact diamonds from the Lappajarvi Impact structure, Finland. Lunar and Planetary Science XXX, 1999. 1999.
Jessberger, E. K., Reimold, W. U., A late Cretaceous 40Ar-39Ar age for the Lappajarvi impact crater, Finland. Journal of Geophysics, v. 48, pp. 57-59. 1980.
Kivekas, L., Kukkonen, I. and Paananen,M., Physical properties of Karnaite and related rocks in the Lappajarvi meteorite crater, Finland (abstract). Pesonen, L.J. and Niemisara, H., eds., Symposium Fennoscandian Impact Structures, p. 20. 1990.
Koeberl, C., Chromium isotopic studies of terrestrial impact craters: Identification of meteoritic components at Bosumtwi, Clearwater East, Lappajarvi, and Rochechouart, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 256, P. 534 - 546. 2007.
Koljonen, T., Rosenberg, R. J., Major elements and REE in tektites and three probable shock-metamorphic rock series of the Baltic shield. Geochemical Journal, v. 10, pp. 1-11. 1976.
Kukkonen, I. T., Kivekas, L. and Paananen,M., Physical properties of karnaite (impact melt), suevite and impact breccia in the Lappajarvi meteorite crater, Finland. Tectonophysics, v. 216, pp. 111-122. 1992.
Langenhorst, F., Shafranovsky, G. and Masaitis,V.L., A comparative study of impact diamonds from the Popigai, Ries, Sudbury, and Lappajarvi craters. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, vol. 33, No. 4, pp. A90-A91, Supplement. 1998.
Langenhorst, F., Shafranovsky, G. and V. L. Masaitis., A comparative study of impact diamonds from the Poigai, Ries, Sudbury, and Lappajarvi craters. Meteoritics and Planetary Science, v 33, n 4, p A90 - 91. 1998.
Lehtinen, M., Lake Lappajarvi, a meteorite impact site in western Finland. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 282, 92 p. 1976.
Lehtinen, M., New evidence for an impact origin of Lake Lappajarvi, western Finland (in Finnish). Geological Society of Finland Bulletin, v. 42, pp. 89-93. 1970.
Lehtinen, M., Petrology and mineralogy of the impact melt and breccias in the deep drill core, Lake Lappajarvi, western Finland (abstract). Pesonen, L.J. and Niemisara, H., eds., Symposium Fennoscandian Impact Structures, p. 19. 1990.
Maerz U., Stöffler, D., Crystallization of impact melt rocks from Scandinavian meteorite craters (abstract). Meteoritics, v. 14, pp. 480-481. 1979.
Maerz, U., Reimold, W.U. and Stoffler,D., Preliminary results on the petrography and Rb-Sr isotope geochemistry of the Lappajarvi impact melt (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science X, pp. 769-771. 1979.
Maerz, U., Stoffler, D., Crystallization of impact melt rocks from Scandinavian meteorite craters (abstract). Meteoritics, v. 14, pp. 480-481. 1979.
Masaitis, V. L., Danilin, A.N., Maschak, M.S., Raykhlin, A.I., Selivanovskaya, T.V. and Shadenkov,Ye.M., The Geology of Astroblemes (in Russian). Leningrad, Nedra, 231 p. 1980.
Masaitis, V. L., Shafranovsky, G.I., Fedorova, I.G., Koivisto, M., Korhonen,J.V., Lappajarvi Astrobleme: The First Find of Impact diamonds on the Fennoscandian Shield, LPSC XXIX, Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston, TX, (CD-ROM). 1998.
McCall, G. J. H., Lake Lappajarvi, central Finland: A possible meteorite impact structure. Nature, v. 218, p. 1152. 1968.
Nicolaysen, L. O., An "internal" origin proposed for Siljan, Dellen and Lappajärvi structures (abstract). Pesonen, L.J. and Niemisara, H., eds., Symposium Fennoscandian Impact Structures, p. 50. 1990.
Palme, H., Grieve, R.A.F. and Wolf,R., Identification of the projectile at Brent crater, and further considerations of projectile types at terrestrial craters. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 45, pp. 2417-2424. 1981.
Palme, H., Rammensee, W. and Reimold,W.U., The meteoritic component of impact melts from European impact craters (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XI, pp. 849-850. 1980.
Palme, H., The meteoritic contamination of terrestrial and lunar impact melts and the problem of indigenous siderophiles in the lunar highland. Proceedings Lunar and Planetary Science Conference 11th, pp. 481-506. 1980.
Pesonen, L. J., Marcos, N. and Pipping,F., Palaeomagnetic, rock magnetic and other geophysical results from the Lake Lappajarvi impact crater, central-western Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Report Q 29.1 /90/2, 53 p. 1990.
Pesonen, L. J., Marcos, N. and Pipping,F., Palaeomagnetism of the Lappajarvi impact structure, western Finland. Tectonophysics, 216, pp. 123-142. 1992.
Pesonen, L. J., Marcos, N., Palaeomagnetism of the Lake Lappajarvi impact structure, central-west Finland (abstract). Pesonen, L.J. and Niemisara, H., eds., Symposium Fennoscandian Impact Structures, p. 26. 1990.
Pipping, F., Deep drilling within the Lappajarvi meteorite impact crater. Geological Survey of Finland, Special Paper 10, pp. 9-10. 1989.
Pipping, F., Kosmiska spar i Finlands beggrund: Lappajarvi meteoritkrater (in Finnish). Nordenskiold-Samfundets Tidskrift 51, pp. 61-74. 1992.
Pipping, F., Lappajarven meteoriittikraatterin kairausten tuloksista (in Finnish). Geologi, pp. 14-19. 1991.
Pipping, F., Lappajarvi impact crater: Drilling continued. Geological Survey of Finland, Special Paper 12, pp. 33-36. 1991.
Pipping, F., Lappajarvi meteorite crater, Western Finland: Structure, stratigraphy and geochemistry (abstract). Meteoritics, v. 27, pp. 277. 1992.
Pipping, F., Lehtinen, M., Geology, stratigraphy and structure of the Lappajarvi meteorite crater, western Finland: preliminary results of deep drilling (extended abstract). Tectonophysics, v. 216, pp. 91-97. 1992.
Pipping, F., The ring structure of Lake Lappajärvi, Finland (abstract). Second International Conference. Impact Cratering and Evolution of Planet Earth. The Identification and Characterization of Impacts. 1994.
Pipping, F., Vaarma, M., Lappajarvi impact crater, geology and structure (abstract). Pesonen, L.J. and Niemisara, H., eds., Symposium Fennoscandian Impact Structures, p. 18. 1990.
Reimold, W. U., Stoffler, D. and Stockelmann,D., The mixing process of different target lithologies in the Lappajarvi impact melt (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XI, pp. 917-919. 1980.
Reimold, W. U., The Lappajarvi meteorite crater, Finland: Petrography, Rb-Sr, major and trace element geochemistry of the impact melt and basement rocks. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 46, pp. 1203-1225. 1982.
Sanfors, R., The Mien structure - a cryptoexplosion formation in the Fennoscandian basement (in Swedish). Thesis, Lunds Universitet Geologiska Institutiones, 144 p. 1973.
Schmidt, G., Palme, H. and Kratz,K.L., The fractionation of highly siderophile elements (HSE) in impact melts and the determination of the meteoritic components, Meteoritics, v. 30, pp. 573-574. 1995.
Schmieder, M., and Jourdan, F. 2013. The Lappajärvi impact structure (Finland): Age, duration of crater cooling, and implications for early life. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 112(0), 321 – 339. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2013.02.015
Shafranovsky, G. I., Structure of apographitic impact diamonds from Lappajarvi crater, 4th ESF Workshop, p. 93. 2000.
Stanyukovich, A. K., Probable meteorite craters (in Russian). Priroda, v. March, pp. 119-121. 1972.
Stöffler, D., Maerz, U and Reimold,W U., Scandinavian impact structures: Geology and petrology of impact formations (abstract). Meteoritics, v. 14, p. 540. 1979.
Svensson, N. B., Lake Lappajarvi, central Finland - a possible meteorite impact structure. Nature, v. 217, pp. 438. 1968.
Svensson, N. B., Lappajarvi structure, Finland: Morphology of an eroded impact structure. Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 76, pp. 5382-5386. 1971.

 

* pre-1977 K-Ar, Ar-Ar and Rb-Sr ages recalculated using the decay constants of Steiger and Jager (1977) Ages in millions of years (Ma) before present.

** Abbreviations: C - Crystalline Target; C-Ms - Metasedimentary Target; M - Mixed Target (i.e.sedimentary strata overlying crystalline basement); S - sedimentary target (i.e. no crystalline rocks affected by the impact event). From Osinski. G. R., Spray J. G., and Grieve R. A. F. 2007. Impact melting in sedimentary target rocks: A synthesis. In The Sedimentary Record of Meteorite Impacts, Geological Society of America Special Paper. Editors: Evans K. Horton W., King D., Morrow J., and Warme J. Geological Society of America: Boulder, in press.

***
From Koeberl,C. Identification of meteoritic components in impactites. 1998, Koeberl, C. The Geochemistry and Cosmochemistry of Impacts. 2007 and PASSC Files. (IAB, IIIAB, IIIB, IIID - Iron Meteorite)

 

 

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