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Earth Impact Database Sorted by : | Age | Diameter | Name |

 

Kara

Crater Name
Location
Latitude
Longitude
Diameter (km)
Age (Ma)*
Exposed
Drilled
Target Rock**
Bolide Type***
Kara
Russia
N 69° 6'
E 64° 9'
65
70.3 ± 2.2
N
Y
M
Chondrite

 

References
Badjukov, D. D., Nazarov, M. A., Possible environmental effects of the Kara impact event (abstract). 4th International Workshop of the ESF Scientific Network on "Impact Cratering and Evolution of Planet Earth". The Role of Impacts on the Evolution of the Atmosphere and Biosphere with Regard to Short- and Long-Term Changes, p. 31-32. 1995.
Badjukov, D. D., Bazhenov, M.L. and Nazarov,M.A., Paleomagnetism of impactites of the Kara impact crater: Preliminary results (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XX, pp. 34-35. 1989.
Badjukov, D. D., Nazarov, M.A. and Barsukova,L.D., Chemistry of the Kara impact structure: Characteristics of impact melting and excavation (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XXII, pp. 43-44. 1991.
Badjukov, D. D., Nazarov, M.A. and Guseva,E.V., Shocked rock fragments from K/T Boundary clay and their relevance to the Kara impact event (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XXIII, pp. 51-52. 1992.
Badjukov, D. D., Nazarov, M.A. and Suponeva,I.V., Impact glasses from the Kara and Ust'Kara structures (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XX, pp. 36-37. 1989.
Badjukov, D.D., Raitala, J., Ohmann, T. and Lorenz, C.A., The Kara crater size: Suevite layer outside the crater depression, Lunar and Planetary Science XXXIII, abstract #1480. 2002.
Basilevsky, A. T., Fel'dman, V. I., Geochemistry of the impactites from the Yanis'Yarvi, Kara, and El'gygytgyn craters (in Russian). Geokhimiya, v. 8, pp. 1092-1107. 1983.
Basilevsky, A. T., Florenskiy, K.P., Yakovlev, O.I., Ivanov, B.A., Fel'dman, V.I. and Granovskiy,I.B., Transformation of planetary material in high-speed collisions (in Russian). Geokhimiya, v. 7, pp. 946-960. 1982.
Baytel'man, D. I., Zakhidov, A. U., New data on the geology of the southeast Kara Bosaz area based on seismic investigations. Petroleum Geology, v. 10, pp. 265-270. 1965.
Dabizha, A. I., Fedynsky, V. V., Features of the gravitational field of astroblemes (in Russian). Meteoritika, v. 36, pp. 113-120. 1977.
Dabizha, A. I., Fel'dman, V. I., The geophysical properties of some astroblemes in the USSR (in Russian). Meteoritika, v. 40, pp. 91-101. 1982.
Dabizha, A. I., Krass, M.S. and Fedynsky,V.V., The problem of terrestrial meteorite craters (in Russian). Kosmicheskoe Okruzhenie i Zemlya, pp. 61-68. 1977.
Dietz, R. S., McHone, J. F., Astroblemes recently confirmed with shatter cones (abstract). Meteoritics, v. 26, p. 332. 1991.
Ezerskii, V. A., Impact-metamorphosed carbonaceous matter in impactites (in Russian). Meteoritika, v. 41, pp. 134-140. 1982.
Fel'dman, V. I., Granovsky, L B., Sazonova, L V., Nikishina, N N., Butenko, T G. and Naumova,I G., Some peculiarities of geochemistry of impactites of Jänisjärvi, South-west Karelia, and Kara, polar Ural, astroblemes (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science, v. X, pp. 382-384. 1979.
Fel'dman, V. I., Rare-Earth elements in astrobleme impactites. Geochemistry International, v. 32, pp. 24-48. 1995.
Fel'dman, V. I., Sazonova, L.V. and Granovsky,L.B., A classification of impactites based on petrographic and geological features (in Russian). Ispytateley Prirody Byull., Otdel. Geol., v. 57, pp. 84-94. 1982.
Gramberg, I. S., Krayev, A.G. and Karasik,A.M., Geotectonic prerequisites for petroleum occurrences in northern seas of USSR. International Geology Review, v. 18, pp. 137-142. 1976.
Grieve, R. A. F., Masaitis, V. L., The economic potential of terrestrial impact craters. International Geology Review, v. 36, pp. 105-151. 1994.
Grieve, R. A. F., The record of impact on Earth: Implications for a major Cretaceous/Tertiary impact event. Geological Society of America, Special Paper 190, pp. 25-37. 1982.
Grieve, R.A.F., Cintala, M.J., An Analysis of Differential Impact Melt - Crater Scaling and Implications For the Terrestrial Impact Record, Meteoritics, v. 27, pp. 526-538, 1992
Gurov, E. P., Gurova, E. P., Impact structures on the Earth's surface (in Russian). Geologicheskii Zhurnal, v. 47, pp. 117-124. 1987.
Ivanov, B. A., Basilevsky, A. T., Meteorite craters (in Russian). Priroda, v. 10, pp. 23-35. 1985.
Ivanov, B. A., Basilevsky, A.T. and Sazonova,L.V., Formation of the central uplift in meteoric craters (in Russian). Meteoritika, v. 40, pp. 67-81. 1982.
Kashkarov, L. L., Nazarov, M.A. and Suponeva,I.V., Fission track dating of the Kara impact structure (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XXIII, pp. 667-668. 1992.
Kashkarov, L.L., Nazarov, M.A., Kononkova, N.N., Track age of the Kara impact structure, Geochemistry International , v. 32, pp. 13-22, 1995
Khryanina, L. P., Meteorite craters on Earth (in Russian). Moscow, Nerda, pp. 82-89. 1987.
Khryanina, L. P., The structure of meteorite craters and their central uplifts (in Russian). Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR, v. 238, pp. 195-198. 1978.
Koeberl, C., Masaitis, V.L., Langenhorst, F., Stöffler, D., Schrauder, M., Lengauer, C., Gilmour, I. and Hough,R.M., Diamonds from the Popigai impact structure, Russia (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XXVI, pp. 777-778. 1995.
Koeberl, C., Sharpton, V.L., Harrison, T.M., Sandwell, D., Murali, A.V. and Burke,K., The Kara/Ust-Kara twin impact structure; A large-scale impact event in the Late Caretaceous. Global Catastrophes in Earth History, Geological Society of America, Special Paper 247, pp. 233-238. 1990.
Koeberl, C., Sharpton, V.L., Murali, A.V. and Burke,K., Kara and Ust-Kara impact structures (USSR) and their relevance to the K/T boundary event. Geology, v. 18, pp. 50-53. 1990.
Kolesnikov, E. M., Nazarov, M.A., Badjukov, D.D., Lebedeva, L.M. and Myasnikova,V.L., Current results of potassium-argon dating of the Kara impact structure (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XXI, pp. 649-650. 1990.
Kring, D. A., Melosh, H.J. and Hunten,D.M., Possible climatic perturbations produced by impacting asteroids and comets (abstract). Meteoritics, v. 30, pp. 530. 1995.
Kuprin, P. N., Age and structure of the basement of the Kara Bogaz Arch (in Russian). Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR, v. 219, pp. 111-114. 1974.
Masaitis, V. L., Astroblemes in the USSR. International Geology Review, v. 18, pp. 1249-1258. 1975.
Masaitis, V. L., Danilin, A.N., Maschak, M.S., Raykhlin, A.I., Selivanovskaya, T.V. and Shadenkov,Ye.M., The Geology of Astroblemes (in Russian). Leningrad, Nedra, 231 p. 1980.
Masaitis, V. L., Diamantiferous impactites, their distribution and petrogenesis (in Russian). Regional Geology and Metallogeny, v. 1, pp. 121-134. 1993.
Masaitis, V. L., Diamond-bearing impactites and problems of their development. Mineral Resources of Russia: Diamonds and Gold. Proceedings of the Second International Symposium, Mineral Resources of Russia, pp. 41-43. 1995.
Masaitis, V. L., Inclusions in impactites (in Russian). Meteoritika, v. 40, pp. 107-112. 1982.
Masaitis, V. L., Maschak, M.S. and Ivanov,B.A., Kara and Ust-Kara craters formed at the K-T boundary by low density projectile (abstract). Eighth Soviet-American Microsymposium, pp. 61-62. 1988.
Masaitis, V. L., Maschak, M.S., Naumov, M.V. and Raikhlin,A.I., The Kara Impact Structure. Large Astroblemes of Russia, pp.26-29. 1994.
Masaitis, V. L., Mashchak, M. S., Bilateral symmetry of circular impact structures of astroblemes (in Russian). Meteoritika, v. 41, pp. 150-156. 1982.
Masaitis, V. L., Mashchak, M. S., Distribution of impactites in some large astroblemes of the U.S.S.R. territory (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science, v. XI, pp. 674-676. 1980.
Masaitis, V. L., Mashchak, M. S., Impact events at the Cretaceous-Paleogene boundary (in Russian). Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR, v. 256, pp. 1500-1503. 1982.
Masaitis, V. L., Mashchak, M.S., Raikhlin, A.I., Selivanovskaya, T.V., & Danilin,A., Meteorite craters and astroblemes in the USSR (in Russian). Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR, v. 240, pp. 1191-1193. 1978.
Masaitis, V. L., Raikhlin, A.I. and Mashchak,M.S., Immiscibility of impact melts (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XI, pp. 677-679. 1980.
Masaitis, V. L., Some old meteoritic craters on the territory of the USSR (in Russian). Meteoritika, v. 33, pp. 64-68. 1974.
Masaitis, V. L., The deep structure of impact craters (in Russian). Razvedka i okhrana nedr, v. 8, pp. 10-13. 1991.
Masaitis, V.L., Impact structures of northeastern Eurasia: The territories of Russia and adjacent countries, Meteoritics and Planetary Science, v. 34, pp. 691-711, 1999
Mashchak, M. S., Ezersky, V. A., Clastic dikes of the Kara crater (Pai-Khoi) (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XI, pp. 680-682. 1980.
Maslov, M. A., On the origin of the Kara depression (in Russian). Meteoritika, v. 36, pp. 123-130. 1977.
McHone J F., Dietz, R. S., Earth's multiple impact craters and astroblemes (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science, v. XXIII, pp. 887-888. 1992.
Meisel, T., Biino, G.G., Villa, I.M., Chambers, J.E. and McHone,J.F., Darwin glass and Darwin crater revisited: Multiple impacts in the Australasian strewn field (abstract). Meteoritics, v. 30, pp. 545. 1995.
Mstislavskiy, M. M., The Otpanian underthrust and a consedimentational transverse uplift in the Kara-Tau Permo-Triassic complex in Mansyshlak mountains (abstract). International Geology Review, v. 15, p. 230. 1973.
Murali, A. V., Koeberl, C., Nazarov, M.A., Sharpton, V.L. and Burke,K., Kara and Ust'Kara impact structures, USSR: Geochemical relationships of the target rocks and ejecta (abstract). Meteoritics, v. 23, pp. 291-292. 1988.
Naumov, M. V., Sulfide Mineralization in the Kara Impact Structure, Russia. 43rd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, LPI Contribution No. 1659, p.1313. 2012.
Naumov, M.V., Impact-generated heydrothermal systems; data from Popigai, Kara, and Puchezh-Katunki impact structures, 4th IMPACT programme workshop on Meteorite impacts in Precambrian shields, pp. 117-171, 2000.
Nazarov, M. A., Badjukov, D.D. and Alekseev,A.S., Morphology of the Kara and Ust'Kara impact craters, USSR (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XX, pp. 762-763. 1989.
Nazarov, M. A., Badjukov, D.D. and Alekseev,A.S., The Kara structure as a possible K/T impact site (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XXIII, pp. 969-970. 1992.
Nazarov, M. A., Badjukov, D.D., Barsukova, L.D. and Alekseev,A.S., Reconstruction of original morphology of the Kara impact structure and its relevance to the K/T boundary event (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XXII, pp. 959-960. 1991.
Nazarov, M. A., Badjukov, D.D., Barsukova, L.D., Kononkova, N.N. and Romasheva,T.V., Chemical relationship between Kara crater rocks and K/T glasses (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XXIII, pp. 971-972. 1992.
Nazarov, M. A., Badjukov, D.D., Kolesnokov, E.M., Barsukova, L.D. and Kolesov,G.M., Geology, geochemistry and geochronology of the Kara impact structure (abstract). Meteoritics, v. 24, pp. 307-308. 1989.
Nazarov, M. A., Badjukov, D.D., Suponeva, I.V. and Alekseev,A.S., The Kara impact structure distribution of shocked quartz grains through the suevite complex (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XXI, pp. 847-848. 1990.
Nazarov, M. A., Barsukov, L D., Badjukov, D D., Kolesov, G M. and Nizhegorodova,I V., The Kara impact structure iridium abundances in the crater rocks (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science, v. XXI, pp. 849-850. 1990.
Nazarov, M. A., Barsukova, L D., Badjukov, D D., Kolesov, G M., Nizhegorodova, I V. and Alekseev,A S., Geology and chemistry of the Kara and Ust'Kara impact craters (abstract). Lunar and Planatary Science XX, pp. 764-765. 1989.
Nazarov, M. A., Devirts, A L., Lagutina, E P., Alekseev, A S., Badjukov, D D. and Shukolyukov,Y u.A., The Kara impact structure: Hydrogen isotopic composition in the impact melts and constraints on the impact age (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science, v. XXII, pp. 961-962. 1991.
Nazarov, M. A., Karpenko, S F., Ljalikov, A V., Smolyar, M I., Kolesnikov, E M. and Barsukova,L D., The Kara impact structure: Nd-Sr isotopic composition of an impact melt (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science, v. XXIII, pp. 973-974. 1992.
Nazarov, M. A., Kolesnikov, E.M., Badjukov, D.D. and Masaitis,V.L., Potassium-Argon age of the Kara impact event (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XX, pp. 766-767. 1989.
Nyquist, L. E., Short-lived radioactivities and planetary accretion and differenciation, The Meteoritical Society meeting, UCLA, p.A112. 2002.
Ohman, T., Lorenz, K., Pesonen, L.J., Badjukov, D., Raitala, J., Elo, S. and Ojala, K., Kara impact structure, Russia: Recent developments in petrophysical and geochemical studies, Large Meteorite Impacts, abstract #4071. 2003.
Ohman, T., Raitala, J., Badjukov, D. and Lorenz, C., preliminary studies of the Syadmayakha suevites from Kara Crater, Russia, Meteoritics & Planetary Science, v.37, no.7, pp.112. 2002.
Osolodkov, D. G., Structure of the Kara depression (in Russian). Sovetskaya Geologiya, v. 18, pp. 114-119. 1975.
Raitala, J., Ojala, K. Ohman, T. Badjukov, D. D. Lorenz,C.A., Kara crater by remote sensing, Luna and Planetary Science XXXIV. 2003.
Sazonova, L. V., Karotayeva, N.N., Ponomarev, G.Y. and Dabizha,A.I., The Kara meteorite crater (in Russian). Marakusheva, A.A., ed., Impaktity, Izd. Mosk. Univ. pp. 93-135. 1981.
Schultz, P. H., Gault, D. E., Are twin craters caused by double impactors? (abstract). Meteoritics, v. 26, pp. 392-393. 1991.
Selivanovskaya, T. V., Mashchak, M.S., Ezerskii, V.A. and Reshetnyak,N.B., Impact glasses in suevites of the Kara and Ust'-Kara astroblemes (in Russian). Meteoritika, v. 40, pp. 122-130. 1982.
Skála, R., X-ray diffraction study of three calcite-rich samples from the Kara structure (abstract). Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution,. 1997.
Trieloff, M., Deutsch, A. and Jessberger,E.K., The age of the Kara impact structure, Russia. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, v. 33, pp. 361-372. 1998.
Trieloff, M., Jessberger, E. K., 40Ar-39Ar ages of the large impact structures Kara and Manicouagan and their relevance to the Cretaceous-Tertiary and the Triassic-Jurassic boundary (abstract). International Conference on Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution, LPI Contribution No. 790, pp. 74-75. 1992.
Trieloff, M., Jessberger, E. K., 40Ar-39Ar ages of the large impact structures Kara and Manicouagan and their relevance to the Cretaceous-Tertiary and the Triassic-Jurassic boundary (abstract). Meteoritics, v. 27, pp. 299-300. 1992.
Vishevsky, S. A., Maslov, M.A., Pal'chik, N.A. and Ponomarev,G.Ya., Coesite in the rocks of the Kara structure (in Russian). Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR, v. 232, pp. 446-448. 1977.
Vishevsky, S. A., Shatter cones and "Gries" Breccias in the Kara astrobleme (in Russian). Meteoritnye Issledovaniya V Sibiri, 75 let Tungusskom fenomenu, pp. 141-156. 1984.
Vishnevskiy, S.A., et al., Coesite in rocks of the Kara structure., Doklady, Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Earth Science Sections, v. 232, pp. 154-157, 1978
Zakhidov, A. U., Platformal phase of evolution and certain aspects of oil-gas potential of the Kara-Bogaz area. International Geology Review, v. 15, pp. 1-11. 1973.

 

* pre-1977 K-Ar, Ar-Ar and Rb-Sr ages recalculated using the decay constants of Steiger and Jager (1977) Ages in millions of years (Ma) before present.

** Abbreviations: C - Crystalline Target; C-Ms - Metasedimentary Target; M - Mixed Target (i.e.sedimentary strata overlying crystalline basement); S - sedimentary target (i.e. no crystalline rocks affected by the impact event). From Osinski. G. R., Spray J. G., and Grieve R. A. F. 2007. Impact melting in sedimentary target rocks: A synthesis. In The Sedimentary Record of Meteorite Impacts, Geological Society of America Special Paper. Editors: Evans K. Horton W., King D., Morrow J., and Warme J. Geological Society of America: Boulder, in press.

***
From Koeberl,C. Identification of meteoritic components in impactites. 1998, Koeberl, C. The Geochemistry and Cosmochemistry of Impacts. 2007 and PASSC Files. (IAB, IIIAB, IIIB, IIID - Iron Meteorite)

 

 

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