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Earth Impact Database Sorted by : | Age | Diameter | Name |

 

Kaluga

Crater Name
Location
Latitude
Longitude
Diameter (km)
Age (Ma)*
Exposed
Drilled
Target Rock**
Bolide Type***
Kaluga
Russia
N 54° 30'
E 36° 12'
15
380 ± 5
N
Y
M
-

 

References
Cockell, C. S., Lee, P., The Biology of Impact Craters - a review. Biol. Rev., 77, P. 279 - 310. 2002.
Dabizha, A. I., Fedynsky, V. V., Features of the gravitational field of astroblemes (in Russian). Meteoritika, v. 36, pp. 113-120. 1977.
Dabizha, A. I., Fedynsky, V. V., The Earth's "star wounds" and their diagnosis by geophysical methods (in Russian). "Zemlya i Vselennaya", v. 3, pp. 56-64. 1975.
Dabizha, A. I., Fel'dman, V. I., The geophysical properties of some astroblemes in the USSR (in Russian). Meteoritika, v. 40, pp. 91-101. 1982.
Fedynsky, V. V., Khryanina, L. P., The probable number of meteorite craters in the USSR (in Russian). Astronomicheskii Vestnik, v. 10, pp. 81-87. 1976.
Grieve, R. A. F., Masaitis, V. L., The economic potential of terrestrial impact craters. International Geology Review, v. 36, pp. 105-151. 1994.
Grieve, R. A. F., Robertson, P. B., The terrestrial cratering record. 1. Current status of observations. Icarus, v. 38, pp. 212-229. 1979.
Grieve, R. A. F., The record of impact on Earth: Implications for a major Cretaceous/Tertiary impact event. Geological Society of America, Special Paper 190, pp. 25-37. 1982.
Gurov, E. P., Gurova, E. P., Impact structures on the Earth's surface (in Russian). Geologicheskii Zhurnal, v. 47, pp. 117-124. 1987.
Katsman, A. V., Tikhomirov, S. V., Results of exploration in the Kaluga area (in Russian). Razvedka Podzemnykh Kramilishch Gaza v SSSR, v. 3, pp. 47-53. 1962.
Masaitis, V. L., Astroblemes in the USSR. International Geology Review, v. 18, pp. 1249-1258. 1975.
Masaitis, V. L., Danilin, A.N., Maschak, M.S., Raykhlin, A.I., Selivanovskaya, T.V. and Shadenkov,Ye.M., The Geology of Astroblemes (in Russian). Leningrad, Nedra, 231 p. 1980.
Masaitis, V. L., The petrology and geology of impactites (in Russian). Problemy Petrologii, pp. 220-231. 1976.
Masaitis, V.L., The middle Devonian Kaluga impact crater (Russia): new interpretation of marine setting, Deep-Sea Research, v. 49, pp. 1157-1169. 2002.
Ormo, J., Lindstrom, M., When a cosmic impact strikes the sea bed, Geol. Mag. V.137(1), p.67-80. 2000.
Stanyukovich, A. K., Probable meteorite craters (in Russian). Priroda, v. March, pp. 119-121. 1972.
Vedrintsev, A. B., Golionko, G. B., On the search for underground gas storage by the seismic refraction method (in Russian). Geologiya i Razvedka, v. 6, pp. 99-101. 1967.
Zaychenko, V. Yu., Kuznetsov, O.L. and Popsuy Shapko,G.P., Nature of ring-shaped photo-anomalies identified by remote surveys (in Russian). Sovetskaya Geologiya, v. 1, pp. 98-106. 1981.

 

* pre-1977 K-Ar, Ar-Ar and Rb-Sr ages recalculated using the decay constants of Steiger and Jager (1977) Ages in millions of years (Ma) before present.

** Abbreviations: C - Crystalline Target; C-Ms - Metasedimentary Target; M - Mixed Target (i.e.sedimentary strata overlying crystalline basement); S - sedimentary target (i.e. no crystalline rocks affected by the impact event). From Osinski. G. R., Spray J. G., and Grieve R. A. F. 2007. Impact melting in sedimentary target rocks: A synthesis. In The Sedimentary Record of Meteorite Impacts, Geological Society of America Special Paper. Editors: Evans K. Horton W., King D., Morrow J., and Warme J. Geological Society of America: Boulder, in press.

***
From Koeberl,C. Identification of meteoritic components in impactites. 1998, Koeberl, C. The Geochemistry and Cosmochemistry of Impacts. 2007 and PASSC Files. (IAB, IIIAB, IIIB, IIID - Iron Meteorite)

 

 

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