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Earth Impact Database Sorted by : | Name | Diameter | Age |


Jebel Waqf as Suwwan

Crater Name
Diameter (km)
Age (Ma)*
Target Rock**
Bolide Type***
Jebel Waqf as Suwwan
N 31° 03'
E 36° 48'
56 - 37


Kenkmann, T., Reimold, W. U., Khirfan, M., Salameh, E., Khoury, H. & Konsul, K. (2010): The complex impact crater Jebel Waqf as Suwwan in Jordan: effects of target heterogeneity and impact obliquity on central uplift formation. In: Gibson, R. L. and Reimold, W. U. (eds.): Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary evolution IV. Geological Society of America Special Paper 465, 471-487.
Kenkmann, T., Reimold, W.U., Khirfan, M., Salameh, E., Konsul, K., Lehmann, T. and Khoury, H., The impact crater Jebel Waqf As Suwwan in Jordan: Effects of target heterogenity and impact obliquity on central uplift formation., Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XXXX, abstract #1592. 2009.
Kenkmann, T., Sturm, S., Krüger, T. Salameh, E., Al-Raggad, M. & Konsul, K. (2016): The tectonic inventory of small complex impact structures: a case study at Jebel Waqf as Suwwan, Jordan. 47th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference Abstract No. #1299.
Khirfan, M., Kenkmann, T. and Salameh, E., Remote sensing and structural analysis of Jabal Waqf As Suwwan meteorite impact, Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution IV, abstract #3109. 2008.
Khoury, H., Salameh, E., Khirfan, M., Chert from Jebel Waqf as Suwwan meteoritic impact structure. Neues Jahrbuch fuer Geologie und Palaeontologie, vol.265, pp.281-293. 2012. 
Salameh, E., Khoury, H., Reimold, W. U., and Schneider, W. The first large meteorite impact structure discovered in the Middle East: Jebel Waqf As Suwwan. Meteoritics & Planetary Science. v.43, no.10, pp. 1681-1690. 2008.
Salmeh, E, Khoury, H., Reimold, W.U., Scneider, W. and Kenkmann, T., First large meteorite impact structure discovered in the Middle Easst: Jebel Waqf As Suwwan, Jordan, Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution IV, abstract #3106. 2008.
Schmieder, M., Reimold, W.U., Buchner, E., Kjirfan, M., Salameh, E., et al, Shock-metamorphic microfeatures in chert from the Jebel Waqf as Suwwan impact structure, Jordan. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, vol. 46, pp.574-586. 2011.


* pre-1977 K-Ar, Ar-Ar and Rb-Sr ages recalculated using the decay constants of Steiger and Jager (1977) Ages in millions of years (Ma) before present.

** Abbreviations: C - Crystalline Target; C-Ms - Metasedimentary Target; M - Mixed Target (i.e.sedimentary strata overlying crystalline basement); S - sedimentary target (i.e. no crystalline rocks affected by the impact event). From Osinski. G. R., Spray J. G., and Grieve R. A. F. 2007. Impact melting in sedimentary target rocks: A synthesis. In The Sedimentary Record of Meteorite Impacts, Geological Society of America Special Paper. Editors: Evans K. Horton W., King D., Morrow J., and Warme J. Geological Society of America: Boulder, in press.

From Koeberl,C. Identification of meteoritic components in impactites. 1998, Koeberl, C. The Geochemistry and Cosmochemistry of Impacts. 2007 and PASSC Files. (IAB, IIIAB, IIIB, IIID - Iron Meteorite)



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