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Haughton

Crater Name
Location
Latitude
Longitude
Diameter (km)
Age (Ma)*
Exposed
Drilled
Target Rock**
Bolide Type***
Haughton
Nunavut, Canada
N 75° 22'
W 89° 41'
23
39
Y
N
S
-

 

Landsat 7 Image. Image courtesy of Keith Morrison

Landsat 7 Image. Image courtesy of Keith Morrison

Landsat Image - courtesy Jeff Plescia

Aerial Radar

TanDEM-X elevation model of Haughton
(provided by Manfred Gottwald,German Aerospace Center)

References
Agrinier, P., Martinez, I., Javoy, M. and Scharer,U., Carbon and oxygen isotope study of carbonates from highly shocked clasts of the polymict breccia of the Haughton crater (Canada) (abstract). International Conference on Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution, LPI Contribution No. 790, pp. 1-2. 1992.
Bischoff, L., Oskierski, W., The surface structure of the Haughton impact crater, Devon Island, Canada. Meteoritics, v. 23, pp. 209-220. 1988.
Bischoff, L., Ostertag, R., The Haughton Dome. Multidisciplinary study of a meteorite crater in northern Canada (in German). Geowissenschaften unserer Zeit, v. 4, pp. 105-115. 1986.
Bischoff, L., Oskierski, W., First results of a multidisciplinary analysis of the Haughton impact crater, Devon Island, Canada: II Structural geology (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XVI, pp. 65-66. 1985.
Bowden, S. A., Parnell, J., Intracrystalline lipids within sulfates from the Haughton Impact Structure - Implications for survival of lipids on Mars, Icarus, 187, P. 422 - 429. 2007.
Bunch, T. E., Grieve, R.A.F., Lee, P., Mckay, C.P., Rice, J.W., Schutt,J.W., A. Zent, Haughton-Mars 97-II: Preliminary observations on highly shocked crystaline basement rocks on the Haughton Impact Crater. Lunar Planet. Sci. XXIX, Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston, TX, Abstr. 1307 (CD-ROM). 1998.
Bunch, T. E., Grieve, R.A.F., Lee, P., Mckay, C.P., Rice, Jr. J.W., Schutt, J.W., Zent,A., Haughton-Mars 97- II: Preliminary Observations on Highly Shocked Crystalline Basement Rocks from the Haughton Impact Crater, LPSC XXIX, Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston, TX, (CD-ROM). 1998.
Clark, J. F., Magnetic survey data at meteoritic impact sites in North America. Geomagnetic Service of Canada, Earth Physics Branch Open File # 83-5, 30 p. 1983.
Cockell, C. S., Lee, P. , Osinski, G. , Horneck, G. and Broady, P., Impact-induced microbial endolithic habitats. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 37, P. 1287 - 1298. 2002.
Cockell, C. S., Lee, P., The Biology of Impact Craters - a review. Biol. Rev., 77, P. 279 - 310. 2002.
Cockell, C. S., Lee, P., The biology of impact craters - a review, Biol. Rev., v.77, p.279-310. 2002.
Dabizha, A. I., Ivanov, B. A., A geophysical model of the structure of meteorite craters and some problems of the mechanics of crater formation (in Russian). Meteoritika, v. 37, pp. 160-167. 1978.
Dabizha, A. I., A new interpretation of the structure of meteorite craters (in Russian). Astronomicheskii Vestnik, v. 11, pp. 73-77. 1977.
Deutsch, A., Shock and annealing do not reset the Rb-Sr system in gneiss samples - An experimental study (abstract). Meteoritics, v. 25, pp. 357-358. 1990.
Deutsch, A., Isotope systematics in shocked material from the Haughton impact crater (Canada). Naturwissenschaften, v. 75, pp. 355-357. 1988.
Dressler, B. O., Sharpton, V. L., Coexisting Pseudotachylite and Rock Glasses at the Haughton Impact Crater, Canada, LPSC XXIX, Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston, TX, (CD-ROM). 1998.
Eglinton, L. B., Lim, D. , Slater, G. , Osinski, G. R. , Whelan, J. K. and Douglas, M., Organic geochemical characterization of a Miocene core sample from Haughton impact structure, Devon Island, Nunavut, Canadian High Arctic, Organic Geochemistry 37 P. 688 - 710. 2006.
Ferling, A., Petrographische und Chemische Analysen von Kristallinfragmenten in der Zentralen Allochthonen Impaktbreccie des Haughton-Dome-Kraters, Devon Is., N.W.T. Kanada. Diplomarbeit zur Erlangung des Grades einer Diplom-Mineralogin im Fachbereich Chemie der Westfalischen Wilhelms-Universitat, Münster. 1986.
Fike, D. A., Cockell, C. , Pearce, D. and Lee, P., Heterotrophic microbial colonization of the interior of impact-shocked rocks from Haughton impact structure, Devon Island, Nunavut, Canadian High Arctic. International Journal of Astrobiology, 1 (4), P. 311 - 323. 2003.
Fortier, Y. O., Blackadar, R.G., Glenister, B.F., Grenier, H.R., McLaren, D.J., McMillan, N.J., Norris, A.W., Roots, E.F., Souther, J.G., Thorsteinsson, R. and Tozer,E.T., Geology of the North-Central part of the Arctic Archipelago, Northwest Territories (Operation Franklin). Geological Survey of Canada, Department of Mines and Technical Surveys, Canada, Memoir 320, 208-216, p. 165. 1953.
Frisch, T., Thorsteinsson, T. R., Haughton Astrobleme: A mid-Cenozoic impact crater, Devon Island, Canadian Arctic Archipelago. Journal of Arctic Institute, v. 31, pp. 108-124. 1978.
Glass, B. J., Lee, P., Airborne geomagnetic investigations at the Haughton impact structure, Devon Isalnd, Nunavut, Canada, Lunar and Planetary Science XXXII. 2001.
Greiner, H. R., Haughton Dome and area southwest of the Thomas Lee Inlet. Canada Geological Survey Memoir, v. 320, pp. 208-216. 1963.
Grieve, R. A. F., The Haughton impact structure: Summary and synthesis of the results of the HISS project. Meteoritics, v. 23, pp. 249-254. 1988.
Grieve, R. A. F., The record of impact on Earth: Implications for a major Cretaceous/Tertiary impact event. Geological Society of America, Special Paper 190, pp. 25-37. 1982.
Gurov, E. P., Gurova, E. P., Impact structures on the Earth's surface (in Russian). Geologicheskii Zhurnal, v. 47, pp. 117-124. 1987.
Hajnal, Z., Scott, D. and Robertson,P.B., Reflection study of the Haughton impact crater. Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 93, pp. 11930-11942. 1988.
Hajnal, Z., Scott, D., Pohl, J. and Robertson,P.B., First results of a multidisciplinary analysis of the Haughton impact crater, Devon Island, Canada. V Seismic studies (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XVI, pp. 312-313. 1985.
Haughton, S., Geological account of the Arctic Archipelago, drawn up from the specimens collected by Captain F.L. M'Clintock, R.N. from 1849 to 1859. The Natural History Review and Quarterly Journal of Science, v 7, p 139 -169. 1860.
Haughton, S., Geological account of the Arctic Archipelago, drawn up from the specimens collected by Captain F.L. M'Clintock, R.N. from 1849 to 1859. Journal of the Geological Society of Dublin, p. 196 - 213. 1860.
Haughton, S., On the fossils brought home from the Arctic regions in 1859, by Captain Sir F.L. M'Clintock. The Journal of the Royal Dublin Society, v. 3, n. 18, p. 53 - 58. 1860.
Hickey, L. J., Johnson, K.R. and Dawson,M.R., The stratigraphy, sedimentology, and fossils of the Haughton formation: A post-impact crater-fill, Devon Island, Canada. Meteoritics, v. 23, pp. 221-231. 1988.
Jessberger, E. K., 40Ar-39Ar dating of the Haughton impact structure. Meteoritics, v. 23, pp. 233-234. 1988.
Kingdon, C. C., Haughton crater impact structure, Bear Bay West, N.W.T., integration of Radarsat S5 mode, SAR imagery and other datasets. Geology and Geomatics Directed Studies, C.O.G.S., May 1997. 1997.
Lee, P., Rice Jr, J.W., Bunch, T.E., Grieve, R.A.F., McKay, C.P., Schutt,J.W.and A.P.Zent., Possible analogs for small valleys on Mars at the Haughton impact crater site, Devon Island, Canadian High Arctic, Lunar and Planetary Science XXX. 1999.
Lee, P., Rice Jr, J.W., Bunch, T.E., Grieve, R.A.F., McKay, C.P., Schutt,J.W.and A.P.Zent., Possible analogs for small valleys on Mars at the Haughton impact crater site, Devon Islands, Canadian High Arctic, Lunar and Planetary Science XXX. 1999.
Lee, P., Bunch, T.E., Cabrol, N., Cockell, C.S., Grieve, R.A.F., Mckay, C.P., Rice, Jr. J.W., Schutt, J.W., Zent,A., Haughton- Mars 97- I: Overview of Observations at the Haughton Impact Crater, A Unique Mars Analog Site I the Canadian High Arctic, LPSC XXIX, Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston, TX, (CD-ROM). 1998.
Lee, P., A Unique Mars/Early Mars Analog on Earth: The Haughton Impact Structure, Devon Island, Canadian Arctic, Workshop on Early Mars 1997, Conf. on Early Mars: Geologic and hydrologic evolution, physical and chemical environments, and the implications for life. LPI Contrib. No. 916, 50. 1997.
Lowman, Jr,P.D., Singhroy V.H. and Slaney,V.R., Imaging radar investigations of the Sudbury structure (abstract). International Conference on Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution, LPI Contribution No. 790, pp. 49. 1992.
Martinez, I., Scharer, U. and Guyot,F., Impact-induced phase transformations at 50-60 GPa in continental crust: an EPMA and ATEM study. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 119, pp. 207-223. 1993.
Martinez, I., Guyot, F. and Scharer,U., Phase transformations in 40-60-GPa shocked gneisses from the Haughton crater (Canada): An analytical transmission electrom microscope (ATEM) study (abstract). International Conference on Large Meteorite Impacts and Planetary Evolution, LPI Contribution No. 790, pp. 49-50. 1992.
Metzler, A., Ostertag, R., Redeker, H.J. and Stoffler,D., Composition of the crystalline basement and shock metamorphism of crystalline and sedimentary target rocks at the Haughton impact crater, Devon Island, Canada. Meteoritics, v. 23, pp. 197-207. 1988.
Ogilvie, B. Y., Robertson, B. and Grieve,R.A.F., Meteorite impact features in Canada: An inventory and an evaluation. Unpublished Report, 180 p. 1984.
Olsen, E., Letters from the Arctic - II. Field Museum of Natural History Bulletin, pp. 4-8. 1982.
Omar, G., Johnson, K R., Hickey, L J., Robertson, P B., Dawson, M R. and Barnosky,C W., Fission-track dating of Haughton astrobleme and included biota, Devon Island, Canada. Science, v. 237, pp. 1603-1605. 1987.
Osinski, G. R., Spray, J. G., Shatter cones of the Haughton impact structure, Canada. First International Conference on Impact Cratering in the Solar System. 2006.
Osinski, G. R., Spray, J. G., Lee., Impactites of the Haughton Impact Structure, Devon Island, Nunavut, Canada, Lunar and Planetary Science XXXV. 2004.
Osinski, G. R., Spray, J. G., Transient crater formation and collapse: observations at the Haughton Impact structure, Arctic Canada, Workshop on Impact Cratering. 2003.
Osinski, G. R., Spray, J. G., Grieve., Impact melting in sedimentary target rocks? Workshop on Impact Cratering. 2003.
Osinski, G. R., Spray, J. G., Evidence for the shock melting of sulfates from the Haughton impact structure, Canada, 66th Annual Meteoritical Society Meeting. 2003.
Osinski, G. R., Spray, J. G., Lee., Carbonate melt rocks from the Haughton impact structure, Devon, Island, Nunavut, Canada, Lunar and Planetary Science, vol.XXXIII. 2002.
Osinski, G. R., Spray, J. G., Highly shocked low density sedimentary rocks from the Haughton impact structure, Devon Island, Nunavut, Canada, Lunar and Planetary Science XXXII. 2001.
Osinski, G. R., Spray, J. G., Impact-generated carbonate melts: evidence from the Haughton structure, Canada, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v 194, p 17-29. 2001.
Osinski, G. R., Spray, J.G. and Lee,P., Impact induced hydrothermal activity within the Haughton impact structure, arctic Canada: Generation of a transient, warm, wet oasis. Meteorics and Planetary Science, v.36, p. 731-745. 2001.
Osinski, G. R., Spray, J.G., Bunch, T.E., Grieve, R.A.F., Schutt,J.W.and Lee.P., Post-impact hydrothermal activity at the Haughton impact structure, Devon Island, Nunavut, Canada, Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, v. 31, Abstract 1890, Lunar and Planetary Institute , Houston. 2000.
Ostertag, R., Robertson, P.B., Stoffler, D. and Wohrmeyer,C., First results of a multidisciplinary analysis of the Haughton impact crater, Devon Island, Canada. III Petrography and shock metamorphism (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XVI, pp. 633-634. 1985.
Parnell, J., Bowden, S. A. , Osinski, G. R. , Lee, P. , Green, P. , Taylor, C. and Baron, M., Organic geochemistry of impactites from the Haughton impact structure, Devon Island, Nunavut, Canada, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 71, P. 1800 - 1819. 2007.
Parnell, J., Lee, P. , Cockell, C. S. and Osinski, G. R., Microbial Colonization in Impact-Generate Hydrothermal Sulphate deposits, Haughton Impact Structure, and Implications for Sulphates on Mars. International Journal of Astrobiology, 3 (3), P. 247 - 256. 2004.
Parnell, J., Osinski, G. R. , Lee, P. , Baron, M. , Pearson, M. J. and Feely, M., Hydrocarbons in the Haughton Impact Structure, Devon Island, Nunavut, Canada. Lunar and Planetary Science XXXIV. 2003.
Parnell, J., Lee, P., Cockell, C.S., Osinski,G.R., Microbial colonization in impact-generated hydrothermal sulphate deposits, Haughton impact structure, and implications for sulphates on Mars, International Journal of Astrobiology. 2004 , v. 3 , n. 3 , p. 247-256. 2004.
Pohl, J., Eckstaller, A. and Robertson,P.B., Gravity and magnetic investigations in the Haughton impact structure, Devon Island, Canada. Meteoritics, v. 23, pp. 235-238. 1988.
Pohl, J., Eckstaller, A., Robertson, P.B. and Hajnal,Z., First results of a multidisciplinary analysis of the Haughton Dome impact structure, Devon Island, Canada IV. Geophysics (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XVI, pp. 669-670. 1985.
Redeker, H. J., Stoffler, D., The allochthonous polymict breccia layer of the Haughton impact crater, Devon Island, Canada. Meteoritics, v. 23, pp. 185-196. 1988.
Robertson, P. B., The Haughton impact structure, Devon Island, Canada: Setting and history of investigations. Meteoritics, v. 23, pp. 181-184. 1988.
Robertson, P. B., Ostertag, R, Bischoff, L, Oskierski, W, Hickey, L J. and Dawson,M R., First results of a multidisciplinary analysis of the Haughton impact crater, Devon Island, Canada. I Geology (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science, v. XVI, pp. 702-703. 1985.
Robertson, P. B., Sweeney, J. F., Haughton impact structure: Structural and morphological aspects. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 20, pp. 1134-1151. 1983.
Robertson, P. B., Sweeney, J.F. and Grieve,R.A.F., Haughton impact structure - A terrestrial multi-ring basin? (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XII, pp. 894-896. 1981.
Robertson, P. B., Plant, A. G., Shock metamorphism in sillimanite from the Haughton impact structure, Devon Island, Canada. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, v. 78, pp. 12-20. 1981.
Robertson, P. B., Grieve, R. A. F., The Haughton impact structure (abstract). Meteoritics, v. 13, pp. 615-619. 1978.
Robertson, P. B., Mason, G. D., Shatter cones from Haughton Dome, Devon Island, Canada. Nature, v. 255, pp. 393-394. 1975.
Schärer, U., Deutsch, A., Isotope systematics and shock-wave metamorphism: II. U-Pb and Rb-Sr in naturally shocked rocks; the Haughton impact structure, Canada. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 54, pp. 3435-3447. 1990.
Schärer, U., Deutsch, A., Response of U-Pb systematics to shock-wave metamorphism I: Accessory minerals in the Haughton impact structure, Devon Island, Arctic Canada (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science, v. XX, pp. 956-957. 1989.
Schärer, U., Deutsch, A., Rb-Sr and U-pb systematics in highly shocked minerals: Haughton impact structure, Arctic Canada. 52nd Meteoritical Society, p. 218. 1989.
Scott, D., Hajnal, Z., Seismic signature of the Haughton structure. Meteoritics, v. 23, pp. 239-247. 1988.
Sharpton, V. L., Dressler, B. O., Excavation flow and central peak rings: is there a connection? Workshop on Impact Cratering. 2003.
Sharpton, V. L., The nature of central peak rings: evidence from the Haughton Crater, Meteoritics & Planetary Science, vol. 34, No. 4, Supplement, p. A107. 1999.
Sharpton, V. L., Dressler, B. O., Sharpton., Mapping the Haughton Crater, Devon Island, NWT: Implications for the Shape and Size of the Excavation Cavity, LPSC XXIX, Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston, TX, (CD-ROM). 1998.
Sobczak, L. W., Mayr, U. and Sweeney,J.F., Crustal section across the polar continent - ocean transition in Canada. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 23, pp. 608-621. 1986.
Thorsteinsson, R., Mayr, U., The sedimentary rocks of Devon Island, Canadian Arctic Archipelago. Geological Survey of Canada, Memoir 411, 182 p. 1987.
Todd, B. J., Gravity survey of Haughton dome, Northwest Territories. B.Sc. Thesis, University of Western Ontario, London, 68 p. 1978.
Westbroek, H., Stewart, R., The formation, morphology, and economic potential of meteorite impact craters, CREWES Research Report v. 8, p. 1-26. 1996.
Zent, A. P., Bunch, T.E., Lee, P.C., McKay, C.P., Rice, J.W., Schutt,J.W., The Role of Brecciation in Controlling Morphology at Haughton Crater: Climatic Implications for Mars, LPSC XXIX, Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston, TX, (CD-ROM). 1998.

 

* pre-1977 K-Ar, Ar-Ar and Rb-Sr ages recalculated using the decay constants of Steiger and Jager (1977) Ages in millions of years (Ma) before present.

** Abbreviations: C - Crystalline Target; C-Ms - Metasedimentary Target; M - Mixed Target (i.e.sedimentary strata overlying crystalline basement); S - sedimentary target (i.e. no crystalline rocks affected by the impact event). From Osinski. G. R., Spray J. G., and Grieve R. A. F. 2007. Impact melting in sedimentary target rocks: A synthesis. In The Sedimentary Record of Meteorite Impacts, Geological Society of America Special Paper. Editors: Evans K. Horton W., King D., Morrow J., and Warme J. Geological Society of America: Boulder, in press.

***
From Koeberl,C. Identification of meteoritic components in impactites. 1998, Koeberl, C. The Geochemistry and Cosmochemistry of Impacts. 2007 and PASSC Files. (IAB, IIIAB, IIIB, IIID - Iron Meteorite)

 

 

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