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Earth Impact Database Sorted by : | Name | Diameter | Age |


Campo Del Cielo

Crater Name
Diameter (km)
Age (Ma)*
Target Rock**
Bolide Type***
Campo Del Cielo
S 27° 38'
W 61° 42'
< 0.004
Coarse Octahedrite to Granular Hexahedrite


Bunch, T. E., Cassidy, W. A., Impact-induced deformation in Campo del Cielo meteorite. French, B.M. and Short, N.M., eds., Shock Metamorphism of Natural Materials, Mono Book Corp., Baltimore, MD, pp. 601-612. 1968.
Cassidy W.A., Renard, M. L., Discovering research value in the Campo del Cielo, Argentina, meteorite craters. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, v. 31, pp. 433-448. 1996.
Cassidy, W. A., Wright, S. P., Small impact craters in Argentine loess: A step-up from modeling experiments, Impact Cratering Workshop, pp. 8004. 2003.
Cassidy, W. A., Field investigations at Campo Del Cielo, Argentina. Unpublished Research Proposal, University of Pittsburgh, 31 p. 1973.
Cassidy, W. A., A small meteorite crater: Structural details. Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 76, pp. 3896-3912. 1971.
Cassidy, W. A., Meteorite impact craters at Campo del Cielo, Argentina. French, B.M. and Short, N.M., eds., Shock Metamorphism of Natural Materials, Mono Book Corp., Baltimore, MD, pp. 117-128. 1968.
Cassidy, W. A., Villar, L.M., Bunch, T.E., Kohman, T.P. and Milton,D.J., Meteorites and craters of Campo del Cielo, Argentina. Science, v. 149, pp. 1055-1064. 1965.
Cockell, C. S., Lee, P., The Biology of Impact Craters - a review. Biol. Rev., 77, P. 279 - 310. 2002.
Crosta, A. P., Impact Craters in Brazil: How Far We've Got. 2004.
de Souza Filho, C.R., Bland, P. A., Proven, Probably and Possible Impact Craters in South America Revealed by Aster and SRTM Data and Image Processing Techniques. 67th Annual Meteoritical Society Meeting. 2004.
Echaurren, J.C., Numerical estimations for impact conditions on Campo del Cielo, crater field, South America. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, vol.42, pp.A39. 2007. 
Grieve, R. A. F., The record of impact on Earth: Implications for a major Cretaceous/Tertiary impact event. Geological Society of America, Special Paper 190, pp. 25-37. 1982.
Gurov, E. P., Gurova, E. P., Impact structures on the Earth's surface (in Russian). Geologicheskii Zhurnal, v. 47, pp. 117-124. 1987.
Honda, M., Nagai, H., Nagao, K., Bajo, K., and Oura, Y.  Cosmogenic histories in Gibeon and Campo del Cielo iron meteorites. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, vol.43, pp.A59. 2008.
Krinov, E. L., Meteorite craters on the Earth's surface. Middlehurst, B.M. and Kuiper, G.P., eds., The Moon, Meteorites and Comets, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, v. IV, pp. 183-207. 1963.
Masaitis, V. L., Danilin, A.N., Maschak, M.S., Raykhlin, A.I., Selivanovskaya, T.V. and Shadenkov,Ye.M., The Geology of Astroblemes (in Russian). Leningrad, Nedra, 231 p. 1980.
McHone J F., Dietz, R. S., Earth's multiple impact craters and astroblemes (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science, v. XXIII, pp. 887-888. 1992.
Milton, D. J., The Campo del Cielo meteorite crater field, Argentina. Astrogeologic Studies Annual Progress Report, pp. 91-97. 1964.
Sanchez, J., Cassidy, W. A., A previously undescribed meteorite crater in Chile. Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 71, pp. 4891-4895. 1966.
Skrynnik, G. V., Meteorite craters on the Earth (in Russian). Astronomicheskii Vestnik, v. 11, pp. 198-210. 1977.
Traub, S. G., Cassidy, W. A., Alteration of Campo Del Cielo soil by meteorite impact: Implications for the surface of Mars (abstract). Lunar and Planatary Science XX, pp. 1128-1129. 1989.
Vesconi, M.A., Wright, S.P., Spagnuolo, M., Jacob, R., Cerrutti, C., Garcia, L., Fernandez, E., and Cassidy, W.A. Comparison of four meteorite penetration funnels in the Campo del Cielo crater field, Argentina. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, vol.46, pp.935. 2011.
Zotkin, I. T., Tsvetkov, V. I., Searches for meteorite craters on the Earth (in Russian). Astronomicheskii Vestnik, v. 4, pp. 55-56. 1970.
Zotkin, I. T., "Moon" craters on the Earth (in Russian). Priroda, v. 9, pp. 95-105. 1969.


* pre-1977 K-Ar, Ar-Ar and Rb-Sr ages recalculated using the decay constants of Steiger and Jager (1977) Ages in millions of years (Ma) before present.

** Abbreviations: C - Crystalline Target; C-Ms - Metasedimentary Target; M - Mixed Target (i.e.sedimentary strata overlying crystalline basement); S - sedimentary target (i.e. no crystalline rocks affected by the impact event). From Osinski. G. R., Spray J. G., and Grieve R. A. F. 2007. Impact melting in sedimentary target rocks: A synthesis. In The Sedimentary Record of Meteorite Impacts, Geological Society of America Special Paper. Editors: Evans K. Horton W., King D., Morrow J., and Warme J. Geological Society of America: Boulder, in press.

From Koeberl,C. Identification of meteoritic components in impactites. 1998, Koeberl, C. The Geochemistry and Cosmochemistry of Impacts. 2007 and PASSC Files. (IAB, IIIAB, IIIB, IIID - Iron Meteorite)



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