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Earth Impact Database Sorted by : | Name | Diameter | Age |



Crater Name
Diameter (km)
Age (Ma)*
Target Rock**
Bolide Type***
N 48° 45'
E 32° 10'
65.17 ± 0.64


34. Masaitis, V. L., Inclusions in impactites (in Russian). Meteoritika, v. 40, pp. 107-112. 1982.
Bass, Yu B., Galaka, A.I. and Grabovskiy,V.I., The Boltysh oil shales (in Russian). Razvadka i Okhrana Nedr, pp. 11-15. 1967.
Boiko, A. K., Val'ter, A.A. and Vishnyak,M.M., On the age of the Boltysh depression (in Russian). Geologicheskii Zhurnal, v. 45, pp. 86-90. 1985.
Cockell, C. S., Lee, P., The Biology of Impact Craters - a review. Biol. Rev., 77, P. 279 - 310. 2002.
Dabizha, A. I., Fedynsky, V. V., Features of the gravitational field of astroblemes (in Russian). Meteoritika, v. 36, pp. 113-120. 1977.
Dabizha, A. I., Krass, M. S., The evolution of explosive meteorite craters on Earth (in Russian). "Zemlya i Vselennaya", v. 5, pp. 80-88. 1975.
Fel'dman, V. I., Rare-Earth elements in astrobleme impactites. Geochemistry International, v. 32, pp. 24-48. 1995.
Fel'dman, V. I., Sazonova, L.V. and Granovsky,L.B., A classification of impactites based on petrographic and geological features (in Russian). Ispytateley Prirody Byull., Otdel. Geol., v. 57, pp. 84-94. 1982.
Gilmour, I., Gilmour, M., Jolley, D.W., Kelley, S., Kemp, D., Daly, R., Watson, J. (2013). A high-resolution nonmarine record of an early Danian hyperthermal event, Boltysh Crater, Ukraine. Geology, vol.41, pp.783.
Gilmour, I., Jolley, D., Kemp, D., Kelley, S., lmour, M., Daly, R., and Widdowson, M. (2014). The early Danian hyperthermal event at Boltysh (Ukraine); relation to Cretaceous-Paleogene boundary events. Special Paper - Geological Society of America, vol.505, pp.133.
Grieve, R. A. F., Masaitis, V. L., The economic potential of terrestrial impact craters. International Geology Review, v. 36, pp. 105-151. 1994.
Grieve, R. A. F., Reny, G., Gurov, E.P. and Ryabenko,V.A., The melt rocks of the Boltysh impact crater, Ukraine, USSR. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, v. 96, pp. 56-62. 1987.
Grieve, R. A. F., The record of impact on Earth: Implications for a major Cretaceous/Tertiary impact event. Geological Society of America, Special Paper 190, pp. 25-37. 1982.
Gurov, E. P., Gurova, E. P., Boltysh astrobleme: Impact crater pattern with a central uplift. Lunar and Planetary Science XVI, pp. 310-311. 1985.
Gurov, E. P., Gurova, E. P., Impact structures on the Earth's surface (in Russian). Geologicheskii Zhurnal, v. 47, pp. 117-124. 1987.
Gurov, E. P., Gurova, E. P., Some features of the structure of the crater with the central uplift (abstract). Eighth Soviet-American Microsymposium, pp. 35-36. 1988.
Gurov, E. P., Gurova, E.P. and Kolesov,G.M., Impactite composition of the Boltysh astrobleme (in Russian). Meteoritika, v. 45, pp. 150-155. 1986.
Gurov, E. P., Gurova, E.P. and Metalidi,S.V., The structure of a meteorite crater with central uplift (as exemplified by the Boltysh astrobleme) (abstract). Meteoritics, v. 26, pp. 253. 1991.
Gurov, E. P., Kelley, S. P. , Koeberl, C. and Dykan, N. I., Sediments and Impact Rocks Filling the Boltysh Impact Crater, Meteoritics & Planetary Science, Vol. 42, No. 3, P. 335 - 358. 2007.
Gurov, E. P., Kelley, S. P., Koeberl., Ejecta of the Boltysh Impact Crater in the Ukranian Shield, Impact Markers in the Stratigraphic Record p. 179 - 202. 2003.
Gurov, E. P., Khmelnitsky, A. F., The Boltysh impact crater ejecta: Preservation stage and estimation of initial parameters (abstract). 4th International Workshop of the ESF Scientific Network on "Impact Cratering and Evolution of Planet Earth". The Role of Impacts on the Evolution of the Atmosphere and Biosphere with Regard to Short- and Long-Term Changes, p. 80-81. 1995.
Gurov, E. P., Ryabenko, V. A., Impact structures of the Ukrainian shield. International Geological Congress 27, Moscow, Field Guide Excursion 098, pp. 143-159. 1984.
Gurov, E. P., Val'ter, A. A., Ejecta from Boltysh meteorite crater in the Ukrainian shield (in Russian). Geologicheskii Zhurnal, v. 37, pp. 79-84. 1977.
Gurov, E. P., Val'ter, A.A. and Rakitskaya,R.B., Coesite in rocks of meteorite explosion craters on the Ukrainian shield (in Russian). Mineralogicheskoye Obshchestvo Zapiski, v. 107, pp. 362-365. 1978.
Gurov, E.P. Shekhunova, S.B., and Permyakov, V.V. (2015). Accessory and opaque minerals in impact melt rocks of the Boltysh Structure, Ukraine. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, vol.50, pp.1139.
Hölker, Th., Deutsch, A., The Boltysh impact structure, Ukraine: Geochemistry of the melt sheet (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science, v. XXVII, pp. 555-556. 1996.
Holker, Th., Deutsch, A., The Boltysh Impact Structure, Ukraine: Geochemistry of the Melt Sheet, 27th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference. 1996.
Holker, Th., Deutsch, A.,., Strontium and Nd Isotopic compositions of impact melt rocks from the Boltysh and Lappajarvi Impact Structures. 59th Annual Meteoritical Society Meeting, Impact Craters and Ejecta I, Oral, METSOC 96 p. A62-63. 1996.
Holubev, V. A., Karpov, H M. and Popovichenko,V A., The meteorite-explosion origin of the Boltysh depression in the Kirovohrad district (in Ukrainian). Dopovidi Akademii Nauk Ukrains'koi SSSR, v. 1, pp. 10-12. 1974.
Ivanov, B. A., Basilevsky, A. T., Meteorite craters (in Russian). Priroda, v. 10, pp. 23-35. 1985.
Kashkarov, L. L., Nazarov, M.A., Kalinina, G.V., Lorenz, K.A., Konokova,N.N., Fission Track Dating of the Bolytsh Crater, Ukraine, LPSC XXIX, Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston, TX, (CD-ROM). 1998.
Kelley, S. P., Gurov, E., Boltysh, another end-Cretaceous impact. Meteoritics and Planetary Science, v.37, p.1031-1043. 2002.
Khryanina, L. P., Meteorite craters on Earth (in Russian), Moscow, Nedra, pp. 73-82. 1987.
Khryanina, L. P., Meteorite craters on Earth (in Russian). Moscow, Nerda, 112 p. 1987.
Komarov, A. M., Raykhlin, A. I., Comparison of fission-track and potassium-argon dating of impactites. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR, v. 228, pp. 673-676. 1976.
Lorenz, C. A., Trace Elements Geochemistry in Impact Melts of the Bolytsh Crater, Ukraine, LPSC XXX, Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston, TX, Abstr. 1597 (CD-ROM). 1999.
Masaitis, V. L., Astroblemes in the USSR. International Geology Review, v. 18, pp. 1249-1258. 1975.
Masaitis, V. L., Danilin, A.N. and Bogomolnaya,L.S., Crystallization of impact melt in Boltysh crater (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science IX, pp. 699-701. 1978.
Masaitis, V. L., Danilin, A.N., Maschak, M.S., Raykhlin, A.I., Selivanovskaya, T.V. and Shadenkov,Ye.M., The Geology of Astroblemes (in Russian). Leningrad, Nedra, 231 p. 1980.
Masaitis, V. L., Mashchak, M. S., Bilateral symmetry of circular impact structures of astroblemes (in Russian). Meteoritika, v. 41, pp. 150-156. 1982.
Masaitis, V. L., Mashchak, M. S., Distribution of impactites in some large astroblemes of the U.S.S.R. territory (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science, v. XI, pp. 674-676. 1980.
Masaitis, V. L., Mashchak, M. S., Distribution of impactites in some large astroblemes on the U.S.S.R. territory (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XI, pp. 674-676. 1980.
Masaitis, V. L., Mashchak, M.S., Raikhlin, A.I., Selivanovskaya, T.V., & Danilin,A., Meteorite craters and astroblemes in the USSR (in Russian). Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR, v. 240, pp. 1191-1193. 1978.
Masaitis, V. L., The morphology and sub-surface structure of terrestrial meteorite craters and astroblemes (in Russian). Pis'ma v Astronomichesky Zhurnal, v. 3, pp. 36-40. 1979.
Masaytis, V.L., and Mashchak, M.S. (1996). Recrystallization and blast formation of shock-metamorphosed rocks in impact structures. Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva = Proceedings of the Russian Mineralogical Society, vol.125, pp.1.
Orlova, A. O., Sazonova, L.V. and Fel'dman,V.I., Correlation between plagioclase crystal morphology and cooling kinetic of Boltysh astrobleme impact melt (USSR) (abstract). Meteoritics, v. 24, p. 312. 1989.
Phinney, W. C., Simonds, C. H., Dynamical implications of the petrology and distribution of impact melt rocks. Roddy, D.J., Pepin, R.O. and Merrill, R.B., eds., Impact and Explosion Cratering, Pergamon Press, New York, pp. 771-790. 1977.
Raikhlin, A. I., Danilin, A.N., Gorshkov, E.S. and Starunov,V.A., Contrasting differences in tagamites from the Popigai and Boltysh astroblemes (in Russian). Meteoritika, v. 42, pp. 144-148. 1983.
Reimold, W. U., Dressler, B. O., The economic significance of impact processes (abstract). Abstracts for the International Workshop on Meteorite Impact on the Early Earth, Perth, Australia, pp. 36-37. 1990.
Ryabenko, V. A., Val'ter, A. A., Meteorite explosion craters as an object of study in modern geology (in Russian). Visnyk, v. 1-6, pp. 7-16. 1977.
Schmidt, G., Clues to the Nature of the Impacting Bodies from Platinum-group Elements (Rhenium and Gold) in Borehole Samples from the Clearwater East Crater (Canada) and the Bolytsh Impact Crater (Ukraine), Meteoritics; vol. 32, p. 761-7. 1997.
Schmidt, G., Palme, H., Os, Re, Ir, Ru, Rh, Pd, Au in borehole samples from the Clearwater East crater (Canada) and the Boltysh impact crater (Ukraine) (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XXVIII, pp. 1255-1256. 1997.
Shcherban, O. N., A study of meteorite crater formation by comparing results of geological observations and numerical modelling on the computer (in Russian). Visnyk Akademiyi Nauk Ukrayinskoyi RSR, v. 3, pp. 11-19. 1983.
Stanyukovich, A. K., Probable meteorite craters (in Russian). Priroda, v. March, pp. 119-121. 1972.
Val'ter, A. A., Dobryanski, Yu.P., Lazarenko, Y.Y. and Tarasyuk,V.K., Shock metamorphism of quartz and estimation of masses motion in the bases of Boltysh and Ilyinets astroblemes of the Ukrainian shield (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XIII, pp. 819-820. 1982.
Val'ter, A. A., Kolesov, G.M., Fel'dman, V.I. and Kapustkina,I.G., Contamination of the Boltysh astrobleme impactites with meteoritic matter (in Russian). Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR, v. 295, pp. 164-167. 1987.
Val'ter, A. A., Ryabenko, V. A., Explosion craters of the Ukrainian shield (in Russian). Kiev, Naukova dumka Press, 154 p. 1977.
Vishevsky, S. A., Pospelova, L. N., Some petrological and geochemical features of the problem of impact interactions (in Russian). Nekotoryye Petrologo-Geokhimicheskiye Osobennosti Problemy Impaktnykh Vzaumodeistviy, pp. 156-191. 1984.
Watson, J.S., Gilmour, I., Kelley, S.P., Jolley, D.W., Gurov, E.P., and Anonymous. (2009). Organic geochemistry of the crater-fill sediments from Boltysh impact crater, Ukraine. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol.73, pp.A1422.
Westbroek, H., Stewart, R., The formation, morphology, and economic potential of meteorite impact craters, CREWES Research Report v. 8, p. 1-26. 1996.
Yakovlev, O. I., Parfenova, O.V. and Ignatenko,K.I., Nonequilibrium condensation and high potassium impactites (in Russian). Meteoritika, v. 41, pp. 141-149. 1982.
Yakovlev, O. I., Vernadsky, V.I. and Parfenova,O.V., The role of vaporization and condensation in the formation of the chemical composition of impactites. Lunar and Planetary Science XI, pp. 1285-1287. 1980.
Yurk, Yu Yu., Er'omenko, G.K. and Polkanov,Y.A., New data concerning the genesis of the Boltysh basin (in Russian). Akademiya Nauk Ukrainskoy RSR, Dopovidi, Seriya, B, Geologiya, Geolizika, Khimiyo, ta Biologiya, Kiev, pp. 244-248. 1974.
Yurk, Yu Yu., Yeremenko, G.K. and Polkanov,Yu.A., The Boltysh depression-a fossil meteorite crater (in Russian). Sovetskaya Geologiya, v. 2, pp. 138-144. 1975.
Yurk, Yu Yu., Yeremenko, G.K. and Polkanov,Yu.A., The Boltysh depression-a fossil meteorite crater. Sovetskaya Geologiya, v. 18, pp. 196-202. 1975.


* pre-1977 K-Ar, Ar-Ar and Rb-Sr ages recalculated using the decay constants of Steiger and Jager (1977) Ages in millions of years (Ma) before present.

** Abbreviations: C - Crystalline Target; C-Ms - Metasedimentary Target; M - Mixed Target (i.e.sedimentary strata overlying crystalline basement); S - sedimentary target (i.e. no crystalline rocks affected by the impact event). From Osinski. G. R., Spray J. G., and Grieve R. A. F. 2007. Impact melting in sedimentary target rocks: A synthesis. In The Sedimentary Record of Meteorite Impacts, Geological Society of America Special Paper. Editors: Evans K. Horton W., King D., Morrow J., and Warme J. Geological Society of America: Boulder, in press.

From Koeberl,C. Identification of meteoritic components in impactites. 1998, Koeberl, C. The Geochemistry and Cosmochemistry of Impacts. 2007 and PASSC Files. (IAB, IIIAB, IIIB, IIID - Iron Meteorite)



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